Search found 857 matches

by Xonen
03 Apr 2021 16:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 455
Views: 34218

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

What is the history of Hungarian /ɟ/ <gy>? I know egy 'one' is related to Finnish yksi . With this one word, I infer it derives from PU *kt, but does anybody have more information? According to LSS Ánte (forthcoming) , it's a medial reflex of PU *ď (whatever sound that actually was). That's clearly...
by Xonen
01 Apr 2021 13:55
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 804
Views: 193696

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Sanskrit आर्य (ārya) /ˈɑːɾ.jɐ/ “noble, noble one” v.s. Proto-Finnic orja /ˈorjɑ/ "slave" At least commonly the Finnish term (also found in other Uralic languages) is considered a loanword from Proto-Indo-Iranian, because speakers of Proto-Uralic enslaved speakers of Proto-Indo-Iranian. Well, maybe ...
by Xonen
24 Mar 2021 22:27
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 804
Views: 193696

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

And it's quite certainly not a coincidence: the sense 'world' appears to be fairly transparently derived from 'light', and the Proto-Slavic *světъ already had both of these senses. I've always understood this thread that it's about false friends and OTHER unfortunate coincidences, i.e. it doesn't n...
by Xonen
26 Feb 2021 21:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 804
Views: 193696

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:pol: świat (world) :rus: свет (light) I'm not sure if this one really counts as a false friend... The Russian word also means 'world', even if мир is more common for that sense these days. And it's quite certainly not a coincidence: the sense 'world' appears to be fairly transparently derived from...
by Xonen
26 Feb 2021 21:20
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 801
Views: 216348

Re: False cognates

:eng: thou (formerly þou) :eng: you Given that thou was formerly written as þou and thus could also look like you (like þe/ye) it's easy to think that you was originally just a spelling pronunciation of þou when þ resembled y. Better yet, it appears that the spelling <you> could in fact be used for...
by Xonen
14 Feb 2021 12:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 455
Views: 34218

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I recently heard two European looking men speaking a language and was very surprised that I couldn't even guess which one it was. The intonation sounded quite similar to French but at times I thought it could be German. I couldn't understand a word they were saying which is what made it particularl...
by Xonen
07 Feb 2021 13:11
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The Sixth Conversation Thread
Replies: 403
Views: 51632

Re: The Sixth Conversation Thread

There seem to have been several linguistics-related xkcd strips lately. I approve of this development. 👍
by Xonen
09 Jan 2021 19:40
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 801
Views: 216348

Re: False cognates

:ara: أستاذ ʾustāḏ "professor, teacher, title of courtesy for an individual of higher education or learning" :esp: usted "you (respectful)" Maybe a bit of a stretch, but it stood out to me. Not at all a stretch! In fact, I'm quite sure I've seen the possibility of a connection between these two deb...
by Xonen
05 Jan 2021 00:14
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: Metal Thread
Replies: 320
Views: 100379

Re: Metal Thread

So, I'm guessing most of the metal-listening world has heard the news by now, but in case you hadn't: Alexi Laiho is dead. While I never became a huge fan of their music, Children of Bodom was still one of the first bands my more metal-oriented friends introduced me to back in about 2000 (I think it...
by Xonen
20 Dec 2020 18:36
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 801
Views: 216348

Re: False cognates

:eng: verbiage :eng: verb "Verb" of course comes from Latin verbum . "Verbiage" was derived from the Middle French verb verbier/verboier "to trill, warble", itself a derivation of Picard dialect werbler "to sing expressively, trill", which is the origin of English "warble". So "verbiage" has more t...
by Xonen
20 Dec 2020 16:07
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 455
Views: 34218

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The discussion on Japanese pitch accent seems to have evolved beyond a "quick" question, so it's been split into its own thread.
by Xonen
02 Dec 2020 15:59
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Pangaea (NSFW description)
Replies: 18
Views: 2211

Re: Pangaea (NSFW description)

Update: It's a really tough decision to lock a thread on someone's conworld, but here, it seems like the original poster had already stopped participating in the discussion and it had been rekindled (after no posts at all for several days) by other people for the primary purpose of arguing about re...
by Xonen
28 Nov 2020 10:17
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Pangaea (NSFW description)
Replies: 18
Views: 2211

Re: Pangaea (NSFW description)

Okay, this thread seemed fairly civil initially, but it seems to be going downhill, and now there are reports. So, locked pending further review by the administration.
by Xonen
14 Nov 2020 17:31
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Nifty Random Features
Replies: 92
Views: 14961

Re: Nifty Random Features

* I'm assuming the etymon of "to necro" is "to necromance"? And even if it isn't, at any rate a back-formation and abbreviation from the noun "necromancer". Oh wow, internet terminology is now old enough that people are making assumptions about its etymologies. [:|] But yes, as a relic from those d...
by Xonen
24 Oct 2020 17:44
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The Sixth Conversation Thread
Replies: 403
Views: 51632

Re: The Sixth Conversation Thread

Happy twenty-third, Shimobaatar! As the fortune cookie goes: "May you live in interesting times". Isn't that a bad thing? "Interesting times" refers to things like rebellions, famines, general upheaval. It's "uninteresting times" that's the good one, isn't it? That's how Pratchett ended up using it...
by Xonen
11 Oct 2020 00:27
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: How would space travel change directionals?
Replies: 13
Views: 1427

Re: How would space travel change directionals?

I'm not certain how speakers of such languages change their speech when they move away from the landmark their language is geared to. This actually came up in a discussion with a bunch of my friends recently; there appear to be at least some anecdotes about speakers of such languages just using the...
by Xonen
01 Oct 2020 02:51
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 801
Views: 216348

Re: False cognates

Finnish sitten Swedish sedan both meaning 'then, subsequently' Also 'ago'... Which, come to think of it, makes the set of meanings kind of suspiciously specific. This is one of those cases where I'm quite sure that one of the words has influenced the other (ie. Swedish has influenced Finnish, most ...
by Xonen
13 Aug 2020 02:26
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 455
Views: 34218

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

But that person is talking about linguistics. There can be all sorts of immutable laws in linguistics, since linguists seem to be happy to prioritise linguistic rules over naive interpretations of languages. A linguist can just ignore a language that has a counterexample, or redefine it - a naive s...
by Xonen
12 Aug 2020 23:36
Forum: Everything Else
Topic: The CBB is 15 years old!
Replies: 17
Views: 1421

Re: The CBB is 15 years old!

Thankfully, I've changed a lot, both as a conlanger and just as a person in general, since then. Looking back, there's a lot I would do differently. I can't stand my username, for instance. It's something a 15-year-old came up with on the spot without putting much thought into. Could be worse, you ...
by Xonen
09 Aug 2020 03:12
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 455
Views: 34218

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Wikipedia actually claims that Nenets has a phonemic contrast between /n nʲ ŋ ŋʲ/, but AFAICT there aren't any words with <ӈ/ң> before a vowel that induces palatalisation or followed by a soft sign at least on Glosbe or this Nenets dictionary, so I'm a bit sceptical about that. Incidentally, someth...