Yemya (IE Naming Language)

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spanick
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Yemya (IE Naming Language)

Post by spanick »

Yemya is a naming language I derived from PIE. While it wasn’t originally intended to be a naming language, it worked out well for its purpose. I had created this con-religion years before I shared it here (viewtopic.php?f=24&t=6911) based on some of the reconstruct bits of PIE religion as presented by Wikipedia. The idea wasn’t to be overly accurate, but just to have a rough starting point. This con-religion was originally developed alongside Dnukta, a conlang l’ve shared elsewhere. However, I never quite liked the way the conlang fit with the religion.

A couple years after that, I started working on a PIE conlang. After going through several iterations, I finally got a sound I liked. Ultimately, I went with a satem language. Some of its features are that PIE voiceless stops became aspirated, voiced stops became voiceless, and voiced aspirated stops became voiced. There are also some consonantal reflexes of laryngeals, especially prominent is h2 which frequently shows up as ś.

While I liked the way it sounded, I didn’t have much grammar nor a name for the language. Later, when I wanted to expand upon and present the religion here I figured this was a good naming language; especially since it’s a PIE derived religion. I just basically treated everything analytically. There’s no plural morphology or any other declension.

The PIE words were mostly taken from Wiktionary and Wikipedia although a few are drawn from piereligion.org. As a naming language, this really just became about finding things that worked out aesthetically. Accuracy wasn’t at the top of my list.

One of my motivations for posting this is actually because I had lost the file that I had all these sound rules worked out in. The rules presented below are reconstructed based off of the evidence. However, there are definitely flaws. I’m unsure what I used as the etymology for certain words, especially śojneg, so some sound laws don’t match up to the the inputs and outputs. Also, when I apply sound changes, I often do them from memory, so there’s also the possibility that I made a mistake. Words which I felt unsure about are in bold.

Some notes about orthography:
/pʰ tʰ kʰ/ ph th kh
/p t k/ p t k
/b d g/ b d g/
/ɕ ʝ/ ś j
/ʋ j/ v y
/m n/ m n
/ɾ/ r

/i e ɑ o u/ i e a o u
/au ai/ au ai


*h₂r̥-tós > śratha ”way, order, law, rite”
*déh₃tōr > tothor “daughter”
*Dyḗus > tśau “sky”
*ph₂tḗr > phatar “father”
Spoiler:
/t/ is unaspirated because of a rule which prevents two aspirated stops from occurring in adjacent syllables.
*pl̥th₂-éwih₂ > phutśauya “land, earth”
*Méh₂tēr > matar “mother”
Spoiler:
I don't know why the /t/ isn't aspirated here, it seems like it was a mistake.
*h₁yaǵ-tōr > yaśthor “priest”
*ḱwen-os > śvana “monk”
*h₂ń̥suros > śnasura “nature spirit”
*ǵʰewH-tōr > jauśthor “shaman”
*h₁ógʷʰis+*(s)neg > śojneg “demon serpent”
Spoiler:
The main problem here is that in order to get <ś> word initially, the PIE root should have <h₂> here. It is entirely possible, I just arbitrarily decided to make it <h₂> in order to get the aesthetic I wanted for this name.
*g⁽ʷ⁾iH-tós > gaita “song, poem”
*deyw-teh₂ > taivtha “god, godhood”
*bʰréh₂tēr > brathra “brother”
Spoiler:
This is presumably actually derived from the genitive.
*weh₁i-ro-s > vaira “thread”
*wr̥tras > vrathra “disorder, chaos”
*h₁er-*(ó)-r̥ > horra “creation”
*bʰérǵʰ-o-s > berja “mountain”
*ǵʰl̥h₃en-yó-m > jluśnya “golden”
*weyd-to-s > vaitta “Wisdom”
*wr̥h₂d-tos > vradda “elder, original”
*ḱwen-(é)-yōs > śvenyo “saint”
*proǵénh₁tōr > praśenthor “ancestor”
*yemH-*(é)-ih₂ > yemya “endonym, lit. twin”
*wiHró+*h₂stḗr > vyaraster “proper name, lit. hero-star"
Spoiler:
I don't know why this name has an <e> in it, it likely is a mistake and should be corrected to <Vyarastar>.
Reconstructed Sound Rules
Spoiler:
h₁ > h / #_V
h₁ > Ø
h₂ > ś / _ (C/V)
h₂ > a/ C_(C/#)
eh₂ > a
eh₃ > o
r̥ > ra
l̥ > C_C
p t k > ph th kh
b d g > p t k
bʰ dʰ gʰ > b d g
ḱ ǵ > ś
ǵʰ > j
s, m > O / # _
ē, e, o > a*
w > u / a_
w > v
ty > tś
g > j / i_
i > y / (C/V)_V
Ch > C / ChV_

Vowels with pitch <é ó> resist this rule when they fall within the root of the word unless followed by h₂.

H became whichever laryngeal I wanted for that word.
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