Search found 2620 matches

by Salmoneus
23 Sep 2022 14:18
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Dude, just go to wiktionary, enter a serbo-croat word of Slavic origin, and then click on the hyperlink that's labelled "Serbo-Croatian words inherited from Proto-Slavic" (or something very similar). I dunno how this got somewhat heated so fast. The link to the Categories is on the very b...
by Salmoneus
23 Sep 2022 03:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Dude, just go to wiktionary, enter a serbo-croat word of Slavic origin, and then click on the hyperlink that's labelled "Serbo-Croatian words inherited from Proto-Slavic" (or something very similar).
by Salmoneus
22 Sep 2022 16:29
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

...by looking at the list of Serbo-Croatian words and finding words that contain the phoneme you're interested in and then looking at where they come from? In the case of Serbo-Croatian there's even a helpful list specifically of Serbo-Croatian words inherited from Proto-Slavic, so you don't have to...
by Salmoneus
20 Sep 2022 23:41
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: simple sentence
Replies: 7
Views: 198

Re: simple sentence

Er... OK? So, it looks as though a lot of what you're talking about is actually the logical structure of the proposition and the metaphysical/ontological weltanschauung it prima facie implies. But this is complicated by a failure (very common in first attempts in this direction) to distinguish betwe...
by Salmoneus
20 Sep 2022 13:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Your four main options for evolving stress are: - stress appears in a language that didn't have it* - stress stays where it is - stress moves - stress goes away. *all languages have stress, but in some it's not very important so they may as well not have it. And in some languages stress is not tied ...
by Salmoneus
19 Sep 2022 21:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Indo-European Naturalistic Conlang?
Replies: 10
Views: 309

Re: Indo-European Naturalistic Conlang?

The difficulty with creating a sister to Anatolian is that much less is known, and more has to be hypothesised. I'm not sure it would end up being less complicated anyway - a big part of the drive toward thematic roots in Late PIE is probably the attempt to get away from irregularity (much like the ...
by Salmoneus
19 Sep 2022 14:18
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Indo-European Naturalistic Conlang?
Replies: 10
Views: 309

Re: Indo-European Naturalistic Conlang?

Yes, this is a fairly common exercise - there have been a number of them on this board. It's a good idea for a project - as WE says, there's plenty of information available to work with, and the results are often close enough to other IE languages for conlangers (most of whom natively speak an IE la...
by Salmoneus
15 Sep 2022 22:36
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I don't speak either. However, as I understand it: - remember that Irish is a written language; in speech, there are (at least) three distinct dialects, with considerable differences between them. Ulster is the most divergent from Irish, and apparently the closest by far to Gaelic - reportedly, Ulst...
by Salmoneus
14 Sep 2022 23:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Help With Sound Changes
Replies: 15
Views: 398

Re: Help With Sound Changes

Here are some example proto-words: äqste ['aq.ste] tachwa ['tɑ.xwɑ] manqeli [maɴ.'qe.li] läkh [lax] *the x in this word is supposed to be the uvular fricative, but for some reason, the CBB forum's text boxes just turn that character into x. eyeta [e.'je.tɑ] geshalä [ge.'ʃɑ.la] ngafu ['ŋgɑ.fu] The f...
by Salmoneus
08 Sep 2022 14:36
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Lol I don't see them saying specifically "syllabic" gradation No need to get arsey about it. But in any case, I didn't say that they said specifically syllabic gradation. I thought my point was pretty clear that so long as any type of gradation in Finnish was NOT based on stress, that wou...
by Salmoneus
07 Sep 2022 23:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

In Finnic at least, gradation is a stress-related phenomenon. I have to reread Kielen vuosituhannet . I think this lang could have some kind of a tonal accent. Is gradation more unlikely in a language without SAE stress? Am I missing something here? Firstly, what does stress have to do with syllabi...
by Salmoneus
26 Aug 2022 21:32
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: AMA on Indonesian
Replies: 39
Views: 7530

Re: AMA on Indonesian

This construction in itself is interesting but probably not unique at all. I don't know if you did this intentionally, but it amuses me how (most of this) is literally word-for-word true of English as well! one main strategy for forming content questions is gapping. This means that there is no over...
by Salmoneus
26 Aug 2022 01:31
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: Morphosyntax
Replies: 772
Views: 161989

Re: Random ideas: Morphosyntax

Weirdly, I suddenly had the idea of an inanimate gender with an unmarked plural and marked singulative just a few weeks ago!
[much less interesting than your system, though]
by Salmoneus
25 Aug 2022 20:11
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The most common form of phonation change is voicing - modal voice tends to spread from vowels and sonorants (which tend to be phonetically voiced) to adjacent obstruants, and this allophonic effect can become phonemicised through changes in context that reintroduce a new set of voiceless consonants ...
by Salmoneus
23 Aug 2022 01:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

In English and Spanish, it’s possible for the present participle form of a verb to act as an adverb in certain contexts, such as he took off running or se fue corriendo . Is it possible to implement something similar in a language without participles? Is it possible to have the participle act as an...
by Salmoneus
22 Aug 2022 23:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Again, I don't think your concept of "it's one concept" is clear. How do you count how many concepts are present? Your specific example (however it relates to the 'one concept' concept) is odd to me, because street names DO frequently use genitive constructions. St James's Street is the na...
by Salmoneus
22 Aug 2022 17:29
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm not sure your concepts of "semantic integration" and "clearer semantic entity" are very clear, at least without some explanation.
by Salmoneus
18 Aug 2022 20:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1035
Views: 192462

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

As Nel Fie says, the list would be either extremely short - because almost nothing is truly universal* - or extremely long, because the number of possible tendencies (many of which may be coincidental) is so vast. In general, I'd look for genuine strong tendencies (as opposed to mere random coincide...
by Salmoneus
09 Aug 2022 17:17
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 744
Views: 130851

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Well, -ic and -ing both involve dorsal consonants, and -ish involves a consonant with rounding (and it's also very close to dorsal for me, though I know some people have more fronted realisations). These factors might encouraging centralisation of /I/, but as my theory is that the 'shift' is really ...
by Salmoneus
09 Aug 2022 13:47
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: I invented a new wordlist
Replies: 2
Views: 301

Re: I invented a new wordlist

What are the advantages of your wordlist? How did you calculate resistance to borrowing? What makes your list different from the Leipzig-Jakarta? Why do you include many distinctions that are frequently not made in real languages (like who vs what, arm vs hand, etc)? Wouldn't it be more helpful to f...