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by Salmoneus
18 Oct 2021 21:33
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 830
Views: 241884

Re: False cognates

Irish fear, 'man', vs Old Norse fjǫrr, 'man'.
by Salmoneus
17 Oct 2021 19:44
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Evolving Split Ergativity
Replies: 4
Views: 124

Re: Evolving Split Ergativity

First time posting, I hope I'm not breaking any rules! lmk if I am. I wouldn't worry, we're fairly laid back here. My question, then, is twofold. Firstly, is this even a problem? I think there are several ways to avoid a problem here... a) word orders change. Indeed, I get the impression that chang...
by Salmoneus
16 Oct 2021 23:26
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 558
Views: 76367

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

My Latin is so rusty as to be of no worth, but google suggests that the parsing of that rule is to blame: they mean that a gerund in the accusative cannot have an object (possibly as a sort of 'no double objects' rule), particularly when governed by 'ad' (which is most accusative gerunds anyway). Ho...
by Salmoneus
15 Oct 2021 13:45
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 830
Views: 241884

Re: False cognates

I can't believe I didn't mention this one already, but English barley and Korean bori always felt pretty close to me. The stop is phonetically unvoiced, but still. Closer: the other word for barley in English (the original OE word, now Scottish, but also surviving as a name for a specific type of b...
by Salmoneus
11 Oct 2021 21:44
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A note on urban population thresholds
Replies: 14
Views: 1515

Re: A note on urban population thresholds

Seems I missed this thread earlier, so first of all: thanks for making it! Highly interesting and informative. I was a bit curious about this, though: Mostly, of course, people starved to death. Good years where the ones where you lived long enough to have babies before starving to death. My unders...
by Salmoneus
10 Oct 2021 18:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 792
Views: 108347

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G# Those are the twelve tones of western music, of which all western music is comprised in all genres and time periods. If you used this method you could “translate” classical pieces backwards or write a pop melody that encodes actual linguistic information So, ...
by Salmoneus
10 Oct 2021 01:37
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 824
Views: 212105

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Xonen: There's also the fact that PU is presumably younger - potentially thousands of years younger - than PIE. AIUI it's thought that most borrowings into PU are from Indo-Iranian (or a related branch), but it's possible - indeed probably likely - that the borrowings may have been from multiple lan...
by Salmoneus
08 Oct 2021 23:42
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Making a Music Culture?
Replies: 92
Views: 8839

Re: Making a Music Culture?

I also ignore the exact meaning of P5 equivalence but I'm gonna go head and assume that it means something like octave equivalence but for fifths, that is to say that the fifth would play the same role in this music system as the octave plays in ours. In principle this is not as problematic as one ...
by Salmoneus
07 Oct 2021 20:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 792
Views: 108347

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm trying to construct a demonstrative system with a five-way contrast and I'm not sure what the five degrees should be. I know that Malagasy makes a distinction between visible and non-visible referents, but that's not quite the same as different degrees, you know? Anyone know of any languages th...
by Salmoneus
06 Oct 2021 22:58
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: A One World Language
Replies: 25
Views: 887

Re: A One World Language

That's one theory. However, Bube is also German for 'boy', and is found in Pennsylvania German as 'Bub', which seems a bit too coincidental. Then again, 'bub' (if not 'bubba') may simply be a mishearing of bud (friend or colleague).
by Salmoneus
06 Oct 2021 21:49
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A note on urban population thresholds
Replies: 14
Views: 1515

Re: A note on urban population thresholds

No castles then. Or at least not enough to account for a significant share of the population. Okay, thanks. My impression had been at least since grade school that many, if not most, of the common people in medieval times lived within the walls of a castle, where they were protected from outside en...
by Salmoneus
06 Oct 2021 21:18
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A note on urban population thresholds
Replies: 14
Views: 1515

Re: A note on urban population thresholds

OK, so, having read a few more things - this time about England - I can maybe fill in a few dots there. Pre-industrial English rural settlement history can be broadly divided into four periods. "Originally", the settlement pattern was "dispersed": Anglo-Saxon settlements were lar...
by Salmoneus
06 Oct 2021 18:12
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A note on urban population thresholds
Replies: 14
Views: 1515

Re: A note on urban population thresholds

- by the mid-16th century, 10% of Scots lived in towns, with an average size of around 2,000 inhabitants (though many much smaller). just to clarify, when you say 10% lived in towns, does that include those living in Edinburgh and other cities as "towns"? In either case, in what type of c...
by Salmoneus
04 Oct 2021 13:29
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Roman Emperor Statistics
Replies: 18
Views: 687

Re: Roman Emperor Statistics

I was surprised by these results. My understanding was that the western empire collapsed in large part because they couldn't establish a coherent method of succession, and so they were in a near-constant state of civil war. But this data suggests that the process of succession became more streamlin...
by Salmoneus
02 Oct 2021 14:16
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: A note on urban population thresholds
Replies: 14
Views: 1515

Re: A note on urban population thresholds

It's just a few facts from wikipedia, so I won't bother with a long post, but I came across this and thought it complemented the above discussion by demonstrating both how unusual urban societies like Classical greece are, and also how rare large towns in general are: - in the Dark Ages, Dál Riata (...
by Salmoneus
28 Sep 2021 20:49
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: Making a Music Culture?
Replies: 92
Views: 8839

Re: Making a Music Culture?

I would like to look into musical scales based on P5 equivalence. My brief googling and scanning Wikipedia on my phone is leaving me confused. Anybody know a layperson-friendly discussion of these? Perhaps if you explained what you meant by "P5 equivalence", it might help? I can't find an...
by Salmoneus
24 Sep 2021 23:02
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: How to choose an architectural style?
Replies: 13
Views: 808

Re: How to choose an architectural style?

Hello there. I have created quite a bit of worlds so far and many of them are quite advancedly developed, but I am a bit stuck at one thing: architectural styles. How should I choose appropriate ones?What factors shape a culture's architecture? I'd break this down into: - environmental needs - envi...
by Salmoneus
21 Sep 2021 01:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Con-Script Development Centre
Replies: 1150
Views: 204855

Re: Con-Script Development Centre

I thought nastaliq was the default mode for writing Farsi. I gather that it’s not? I'm not saying it's not; I'm saying so far as I can see Nastaliq isn't written at a steep angle. Eg this is apparently nastaliq . And this , and this . The angled nastaliq I can find is better characterised as art ra...
by Salmoneus
20 Sep 2021 21:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Con-Script Development Centre
Replies: 1150
Views: 204855

Re: Con-Script Development Centre

Looking weird aside, is it realistic that people would write like that? It makes everything harder to write (you need a protractor just to get started), it makes it much harder to gauge when to start a new line (because the intuitive 'width' of a character along its axis will often be smaller than ...
by Salmoneus
20 Sep 2021 14:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 792
Views: 108347

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

No - nobody knows that a rotated 'e' indicates a schwa, and if they did they wouldn't know what a schwa was. Nobody? Most of the English dictionaries my classmates and I used in school, including the children's dictionaries, used the schwa for /ə/... the letter ə will be recognized by a good portio...