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by Salmoneus
14 Jun 2021 01:30
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Consonant Harmony in Ejectives?
Replies: 2
Views: 19

Re: Consonant Harmony in Ejectives?

It's more common to have the opposite: only one ejective is allowed in the root. However, ejective harmony does exist - eg in Chaha. Apparently in all known cases it's regressive, but it's usually confined to the root. It's more likely to happen when there are at least three series of stops (eg ejec...
by Salmoneus
14 Jun 2021 00:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

And indeed you aren't - learners never have a flawless native accent. But the same would be true of any human you ask. And as Titus says, there are synthesizers (a computer speaks your language for you) but at least traditionally they've always been either very expensive, or not very good, or both. ...
by Salmoneus
13 Jun 2021 20:56
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: So why can't animals talk anyway?
Replies: 5
Views: 44

Re: So why can't animals talk anyway?

As with a lot of articles by "look at me, I 'have studied' 50 languages and once met Frank Zappa! Buy my book about linguistics (no, I don't have a qualification in linguistics)!" people, it's a shallow and wildly misguided article. It misunderstands human language - I cannot in fact 'put a thought ...
by Salmoneus
13 Jun 2021 03:14
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 807
Views: 220797

Re: False cognates

It's actually regular. The Scottish is /ka:lik/, and the Irish is (AIUI) /ga:lik/ just because the aspiration contrast is interpreted as a voicing contrast. I assume the Scottish is regular-ish, although it's kind of weird that Gàidhlig has such a different vowel (/a:/) from Gàidheal (/E:@l/), so I ...
by Salmoneus
12 Jun 2021 23:28
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Surprising cognates
Replies: 130
Views: 61060

Re: Surprising cognates

k1234567890y wrote: 12 Jun 2021 03:50 English Wales, Gaul, Walloon, Wallachia
Also Cornwall.
by Salmoneus
12 Jun 2021 23:28
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 807
Views: 220797

Re: False cognates

Latin Gallia "Gaul" v.s. French Gaule "Gaul" Fucking hell. And to add to that: Irish/English: Gall vs Gaul vs Gael . 'gall' is an Irish word for a foreigner; with the capital letter, a 'Gall' is usually specifically a Dane or an Englishman, the two groups of people the Irish believed lived in Franc...
by Salmoneus
12 Jun 2021 18:51
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1833
Views: 439414

Re: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Fortunately, divine assistance appears to be commonplace. The Roman Empire lasted 1,480 years; the mainline Caliphate lasted 1,292; the Chinese Empire has lasted 3,577 years and counting, depending on definitions (but including around 1,000 years of fairly unambiguous continuity); the Pharaohs were ...
by Salmoneus
12 Jun 2021 14:17
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1833
Views: 439414

Re: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I was suspecting that the regime is in some way independent of the timing of succession. Not sure what you mean, there? I think I like the idea of "stated preference of the preceding leader" This is what leaders throughout history have attempted to establish - not only does it greatly increase stab...
by Salmoneus
12 Jun 2021 02:14
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 1833
Views: 439414

Re: (C&C) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I plan for one of my concultures (Bólks) to have a permanent military regime at some point. Now I was wondering, how is succession of leaders supposed to work under a military regime, apart from Klingon promotion? Well, bear in mind that European cultures had more or less permanent military regimes...
by Salmoneus
11 Jun 2021 13:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I think what I mean is how would one take a bit of the "defining features" of both 'langs in such a way that a bit of the "flavor" of both shines through without it becoming a jumbled mess or just smashing them both together. Obviously one of the defining features would be the slender/broad distinc...
by Salmoneus
10 Jun 2021 23:56
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 501
Views: 44482

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Anyone else notice that in American English /ɪ/ is often an allophone of /ə/ and syllabic consonants? Yes, a great many people have noticed this. It's called "the weak vowel merger". It's also sometimes called the "Roses/Rosa's merger" or the like, after its most famous minimal pair; another clear ...
by Salmoneus
10 Jun 2021 13:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I don't know how "quick" either of these questions are, but: 1) Is there any naturalistic way that a language could have a very simple and pretty symmetric inventory with unvoiced stops... and then have /g/ with no /k/? It seems super odd to me, but I'm not sure just how odd it might be. It's very ...
by Salmoneus
09 Jun 2021 01:01
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: CBB Conlang Relay XIII
Replies: 102
Views: 10559

Re: CBB Conlang Relay XIII

Given that Click hasn't signed in for over a week either, that may not be an option...
by Salmoneus
08 Jun 2021 22:42
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Rythm based conlang?
Replies: 13
Views: 513

Re: Rythm based conlang?

The problem with rhythm as a fundamental phonemic category is that it's hard to have many different rhythms, particularly when you don't know how long a word or phrase is going to be. However, rhythm could certainly be used as a minor feature on either a word level or a sentence level. For instance,...
by Salmoneus
07 Jun 2021 23:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

You may want to consider how various sentences would be translated in this language. What distinctions would seem to be helpful to make? This! I think it might make sense to start with possible situations and how you could lassify them according to properties that are important for aspect. What pro...
by Salmoneus
07 Jun 2021 15:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm not sure there's really any complicated answer to this. If you want your verbs to mark aspect, you can decide which aspects you want marked, and then decide how to mark them. There's not really a right or wrong answer. For extra complexity and realism, of course, you could begin by asking what a...
by Salmoneus
06 Jun 2021 20:50
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 501
Views: 44482

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

If by 'the tongue's middle part' you mean the top of the blade of the tongue (since in a literal sense all lateral sounds involve raising of 'the middle' of the tongue!), then you're asking about laminal vs apical. Coronal sounds - dentals, alveolars, postalveolars - may be either 'apical' (involvin...
by Salmoneus
03 Jun 2021 19:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Why would it turn into a subjunctive when you already have a subjunctive? The subjunctive will turn into the future and there will be no subjunctive form anymore. Oh, OK. I thought you said you were going to form the future with a prefix. Bear in mind that one reason modal agents might not seem use...
by Salmoneus
03 Jun 2021 16:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

My conlang has three basic verbal distinctions: the reallis, the subjunctive, and the imperative/jussive. I intend to create a tense distinction by adding a "future" prefix, so that there now becomes a basic verbal distinction of nonfuture and future. Would it then make sense for the imperative/jus...
by Salmoneus
03 Jun 2021 15:34
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: How necessary are noun cases?
Replies: 31
Views: 3638

Re: How necessary are noun cases?

Alternatively you could just repeat/not delete the verb in the second part. ... more than his cat does. ... more than he loves his cat. That only works because in the English there, you're replacing one verb with a pro-verb. This is particularly easy in this case because of valency - you HAVE to re...