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by Omzinesý
01 Mar 2021 18:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tamdouk
Replies: 4
Views: 76

Re: Tamdouk

Verbs have four tense-aspects: Habitual(-Iterative), Non-Habitual, Perfect, and Prospective. Non-habitual is the most used of them. It is formed with a suffix-conjugation while the other tense-aspects are formed with prefix conjugation. Most verbs have distinct stems for the two sets. They are form...
by Omzinesý
28 Feb 2021 22:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: Morphosyntax
Replies: 750
Views: 127181

Re: Random ideas: Morphosyntax

All prepositions have a deictic element. You cannot say "In [the] hospital" but you can say "here [in the] hospital" or "there [in the] hospital". Prepositions are used as perfective prefixes of verbs, too, so you say "A there-kill B." or "A here-kill B." Those deictic elements work as direct and in...
by Omzinesý
27 Feb 2021 10:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tamdouk
Replies: 4
Views: 76

Re: Tamdouk

Nouns There is no indefinite article, and gender/number is neither marked then. There is definite articles for both genders and plural. Usually the article is the only plural marker. pa- 'Masculine Definite Singular Nominative' ta- 'Feminine Definite Singular Nominative' wa- 'Plural Definite Nominat...
by Omzinesý
27 Feb 2021 10:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tamdouk
Replies: 4
Views: 76

Re: Tamdouk

Word classes Tamduk (like SAE) has three open word classes: nouns, adjectives and verbs. Furthermore, there are static verbs that can be derived from any of the three. Nouns - Can appear as arguments - Have an intrinsic gender (masculine, feminine, pluralia tantum) Adjectives - Can modify nouns with...
by Omzinesý
27 Feb 2021 09:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Tamdouk
Replies: 4
Views: 76

Tamdouk

Probably a short project again A lang called Tamdouk (ταμρουκ) Inspired by Coptic, written with Greek letters, but in practice, I use the Romanization. Triconsonantal and diconsonantal roots. ta 'feminine definite article' m- derivation 'related to' duk 'the name of the folk' p t̪ d~ɾ k ʔ <π τ ρ κ (...
by Omzinesý
24 Feb 2021 20:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: How would you go about creating a Germanic conlang that is Spanish like?
Replies: 20
Views: 317

Re: How would you go about creating a Germanic conlang that is Spanish like?

I once realized that Germanic and Romance languages have very similar variation in *kt English and French elide *k nuit, night Swedish and Italian merge *k with *t notte, natt German and Sardinian lenite *k to x [noxt] (or something), Nacht But where is Germanic Spanish that makes them an affricate?
by Omzinesý
24 Feb 2021 15:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 258
Views: 23879

Re: What did you accomplish today?

I also think I've made a breakthrough with my verbs: y-m-n "to call for, to summon" (u-type) Non-Future: 1cs: yanmū 2ms: yanummi 2fs: yanummu 3ms: yanumsi 3fs: yanumsu 1cp: yanmā 2mp: yanummin 2fp: yanummun 3mp: yanumsin 3fp: yanumsun Future: 1cs: nēnamū 2ms: nēnammi 2fs: nēnammu 3ms: nēnamsi 3fs: ...
by Omzinesý
23 Feb 2021 18:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 111
Views: 29166

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

p t k ʔ s x m n ŋ l ʟ Only dental and velar non-plosives can appear in coda. Velars don't precede dentals or vice versa, though. Plosives have voiced fricative allophones [β ð z ɣ ɦ] between vowels. All consonants can be geminated. Geminated /s x/ are however /ts kx/ respectively. They aren't affric...
by Omzinesý
23 Feb 2021 01:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 240
Views: 18742

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k ʔ
s x
m n ŋ
l ʟ

Only dentals and velars can appear in coda. Velars don't precede dentals or vice versa, though.
Plosives have voiced fricative allophones [β ð z ɣ ɦ] between vowels.
Plosives can be geminated.
I'm still unsure how /f, s/ behave.
by Omzinesý
21 Feb 2021 13:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 111
Views: 29166

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

A lang called Tamduk (ταμρουκ) Inspired by Coptic, written with Greek letters Triconsonantal and diconsonantal roots. ta 'feminine definite article' m- derivation 'related to' duk 'the name of the folk' p t̪ d~ɾ k ʔ <π τ ρ κ (spiritus lenis)> <p t d k '> f θ ɹ x h <φ θ δ χ (spiritus aspis)> <f th r ...
by Omzinesý
21 Feb 2021 11:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Development from Old Ulion to Modern Ulion
Replies: 1
Views: 430

Re: Development from Old Ulion to Modern Ulion

Etymologies of words existing in Ulion pr̠ạlū [pʀʌ'l̰u:] 'language' <= *padatlú jōri ['jɔ:ri] 'friend' <= *jábra-ja (good-DIM) sịc [sɪʔt͡s] ' house' <= *síkitsa kjũvi ['kjũ:ʋi] 'girl' <= *kujúmb(a)-ja pjēcạ ['pjɛ:t͡sʌʔ] 'family' <= *pajájtsa-k (k 'Plural') mēsuk [mɛ:'sʊk] 'ground' <= *majsúku miprãš...
by Omzinesý
17 Feb 2021 11:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: Morphosyntax
Replies: 750
Views: 127181

Re: Random ideas: Morphosyntax

You've probably heard of pluractionality, so how about duactionality, a verbal number used if an event occurs exactly twice? Could the same form also mean 'redo'? Pluractionality also often means that several persons do the same thing separately. Probably that could also be the case with duactional...
by Omzinesý
16 Feb 2021 14:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 240
Views: 18742

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k ʔ <p t k '> f s θ x h <f s ŧ ꝁ h> l j w <l j w> m n <m n> ɾ <r> /l j w/ are devoiced to [ɬ ç ʍ] in coda. (C)(C)V(C) Onset clusters with increasing sonority Stressed i u <i u> e o <e o> ɛ ɔ <ê ô> ä <a>, <â> word-finally Unstressed i, e => ɪ <i> u, o => ʊ <u> ɔ, ɛ, ä => ə <a> Word-finally only o...
by Omzinesý
13 Feb 2021 21:18
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 20
Views: 2066

Re: Ulion

Adjectives Adjectives agree in gender/number: Maculine, Feminine, Plural When they are used as modifiers of nouns, they do not agree in case. čēt 'big' M čēt F čēte PL čētạ When predicatives, they appear in Essive. Then, they may agree in gender/number. M čētr F čētre ~ čētr PL čētrạ ~ čētr The adve...
by Omzinesý
12 Feb 2021 10:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 20
Views: 2066

Re: Ulion

Mitēlr caj ćēl.
'I love you.'

mitēl 'darling, beloved'
-r 'Essive'

caj 'you'

ćē 'consider (positive), like'
-l 'sg1'

The clause thus literally means: 'I consider you [my] darling.'
by Omzinesý
11 Feb 2021 13:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 20
Views: 2066

Re: Ulion

There are two morphological types of verbs: Light verbs and Derived verbs. Derived verbs are just a stem + verbal person suffixes. They are mostly used in formal speech. sg1-il sg2 -ic sg1+sg2 -icl sg3 -iš pl1-ila' pl2 -ica' pl1+sg2 -icla' pl3 -iša' Past participle -i'. Mūcil 'I walk about' Mūcic 'Y...
by Omzinesý
11 Feb 2021 09:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 20
Views: 2066

Re: Ulion

Consonant declension DIR prēv 'the house' LOC prēvu 'in the house' DAT prēvụ 'to the house' ABL prēve 'from the house' ESS prēvr 'as the house' SOS prēvlu 'with the house' Plural DIR prēvạ 'houses' LOC prēvạve DAT prēvạq ABL prēvạe ESS prēvr ~ prēvrạ SOS prēvlu ~ prēvlạ The consonantal i-declension ...
by Omzinesý
11 Feb 2021 08:48
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 20
Views: 2066

Re: Ulion

I'm updating the case system. As a list, it is more boring but syntactically, it is more interesting. Direct (subject, direct object) Locative (location, instrument) Dative (recipient, goal, some genitive functions) Ablative (source, badly defined complements 'concerning', some genitive functions) E...
by Omzinesý
07 Feb 2021 19:12
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 111
Views: 29166

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

NGamira is a name for my one project.
by Omzinesý
07 Feb 2021 09:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 240
Views: 18742

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k ʔ
f θ s x h
m n ŋ
ɾ

i i᷈ u u᷈
e e᷈ o o᷈
a a᷈

There could also be some kind of a glottalized/creaky voice vowel quality.

CV syllables
V can appear word-initially but /ɾ/ cannot.

Makes 130 syllables.