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by Omzinesý
17 May 2022 15:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Dleesoop
Replies: 26
Views: 3513

Re: Dleesoop

The second task is clause-external syntax. As said before, puu 'act' can be used as an action nominalization. Usually, clauses are just juxtaposed however. There are the three secondary aspects/tenses: prospective 'in order to P, before P', perfect 'after P, because P', and progressive 'while P-ing'...
by Omzinesý
17 May 2022 15:43
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 905
Views: 159134

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Different voices also get secondary meanings very easily and those secondary meanings can later develop to the primary meaning.

Say "I'm being written the pen." for 'I'm writing with the pen.'
by Omzinesý
17 May 2022 10:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 161
Views: 58798

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

I've been watching a Icelandic TV series. My second conlang will have many dental spirants in coda. Đr is a nice cluster.
by Omzinesý
13 May 2022 20:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Development thread: A Romlang in Hungary
Replies: 19
Views: 2748

Re: Development thread: A Romlang in Hungary

I'm once again thinking about this project. The conjugation could also be: ama ['ama] 'to love' sg1 ám [a:m] sg2 ams [amʃ] sg3 am [am] pl1 amós ['amo:ʃ] pl2 amés ['ame:ʃ] pl3 ?? If the stem ends in two consonants, sg1 and sg3 are identical. tancc [tant͡s] 'I dance' / 'dances' The past tense could be...
by Omzinesý
12 May 2022 21:13
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: The relative clause can't have a subject... wait, WHAT?
Replies: 5
Views: 351

Re: The relative clause can't have a subject... wait, WHAT?

First It seems you understand your lang very well. You just lack some terms describing it. Basically, your clauses could be "impersonal passives" or just "impersonal", meaning that they lack the subject. Some languages have such voices. Probably you could say that 'onion' is the ...
by Omzinesý
11 May 2022 22:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 373
Views: 75575

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

p t k
f s θ ɬ x
v z ð l ɣ
m n

vowels
i ɨ u
ə ˤə
æ ɑ

Consonants are pharyngealized/backed when they precede a "back" vowel /ɨ u ˤə ɑ/.

Stress lies on the first non-central vowel.
by Omzinesý
09 May 2022 11:20
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Conlanging Features you Avoid
Replies: 150
Views: 24232

Re: Conlanging Features you Avoid

Now, if grammatical gender was correlated to social gender, one would expect Medieval Christianity, whose language of education was Latin, which has a neuter gender, to be more accepting of Intersex, while Judaism, whose language of education was Hebrew, having only grammatical Masc and Fem to be l...
by Omzinesý
08 May 2022 23:18
Forum: Translations
Topic: to die
Replies: 9
Views: 1544

Re: to die

This looks like a natlang (or very advanced conlang) challenge. :fin: kuolla 'to die' menehtyä 'to perish' delata potkaista tyhjää 'to kick empty(ness)' heittää veivi 'to throw a crank' siirtyä autuaammille metsästysmaille 'to move to more blessed hunting grounds' siirtyä ajasta ijäisyyteen 'to move...
by Omzinesý
07 May 2022 21:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Chirdau
Replies: 3
Views: 144

Re: Chirdau

Verbs This part is more incomplete than the noun sextion. Most verbs have two roots that are combined in the stem. They are: 1) a simple verb: It is close to the concept of light verb but Chirdau verbs are semantically more idiosyncratic combos and they are morphologically part of the same word. Sim...
by Omzinesý
07 May 2022 20:55
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Chirdau
Replies: 3
Views: 144

Re: Chirdau

Nouns Nominal morphology is relatively simple and agglutinative but the suffixes interact. 1. stem - 2. number - 3.definiteness/possessedness/case(?) Slot 2. There are three kinds of nouns 1) inherently singular 2) inherently plural 3) inherently locative 1) Joppa 'a man (slightly pejorative)' is a...
by Omzinesý
07 May 2022 20:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Chirdau
Replies: 3
Views: 144

Re: Chirdau

Phonology Vowel inventory All syllables: u <u> ɪ <i> e o <e o> a <a> Only open syllables: i <ij> ei eu oi ou <ej eu oj ou> ai au <aj au> (They can be seen as V+glide too.) Consonant inventory p t t͡ɕ* k <p/b t/d c/g c/g/ch/gh> f s ɕ* x <f/v s x x/xh> m n <m n> l <l> r <r> j w** <j u> * Palatals /ɕ ...
by Omzinesý
07 May 2022 20:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Chirdau
Replies: 3
Views: 144

Chirdau

Chirdau ['kɪrd̪au] I have been developing this lang in my Scrap thread. - relatively simple phonology - three genders - most verbs consist of a simple verb and a coverb - ergative alignment - SOV - agglutinative morphology with some tricks In Chirdau, I can use the ideas that I didn't end up using i...
by Omzinesý
04 May 2022 21:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random ideas: Morphosyntax
Replies: 768
Views: 154110

Re: Random ideas: Morphosyntax

I've been thinking of a system where (like several Asian languages I think) every noun is preceded by a classifier noun such as "person", "animal", etc. Hopefully unlike those languages, while the noun root never declines, the classifier can be inflected for number, case, etc. I...
by Omzinesý
04 May 2022 15:08
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Curiosities in Finnish
Replies: 40
Views: 10718

Re: Curiosities in Finnish

Derivational morphology is maybe the most interesting part of Finnish. In this post, I am going to discuss the causative suffix -tta. All verbs can be causativized. The causee appears in the Adessive which is the instrumental case. Dixon's article on causatives analyses it very oddly because he does...
by Omzinesý
02 May 2022 16:24
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Dleesoop
Replies: 26
Views: 3513

Re: Dleesoop

Nominal prediction uses the verbal strategy. Nearly all Dleesoop words are nous, though, so it is not surprising that nominal predication does not really exist. (1) Dlo', puudde. PERSON, be_male 'He is a man/male.' You can also add a generic noun as an object of the verb, though it is usually redun...
by Omzinesý
02 May 2022 12:27
Forum: Translations
Topic: The heretics have burnt our temple!
Replies: 18
Views: 3900

Re: The heretics have burnt our temple!

How would one say “The temple have burnt our heretics!”? I haven't thought about possession. If both the agent and the patient are full NPs, semantic roles are not coded. So, the same sentence can be translated like that, too. Usually, the meaning is "derived from the context". If the sem...
by Omzinesý
29 Apr 2022 13:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Dleesoop
Replies: 26
Views: 3513

Re: Dleesoop

My second task will be thinking about clause types more deeply. I'm (kindof) back after a long time away! I was re-reading "Intransitive Predication" by Stassen, and I thought it might make a good conlang quiz, one which I may or may not have done before. Without going into too many detail...
by Omzinesý
28 Apr 2022 19:17
Forum: Translations
Topic: The heretics have burnt our temple!
Replies: 18
Views: 3900

Re: The heretics have burnt our temple!

Dleesoop

Kaathiinee, puukome dlo'dúudso'oka
Kaat-hiinee, puuko-me dlo'-duudso'-oka
BUILDING-religion, destroy-RERF PERSON-believe_right-VOL.NEG
'The temple has been destroyed by those who don't believe correctly.'
by Omzinesý
26 Apr 2022 19:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Dleesoop
Replies: 26
Views: 3513

Re: Dleesoop

Issues on Dleesoop syntax Simple clauses Dleesoop is a topic-prominent language. Clauses that Lambrecht calls arguments focus , that is, the normal clauses that are about some known entity, are constituted by a topic NP and a comment VP. There is usually a pause between the two. (1) Dlo', kewiino. ...
by Omzinesý
26 Apr 2022 19:05
Forum: Translations
Topic: Explanation of sex
Replies: 3
Views: 530

Re: Explanation of sex

Dleesoop (to be modified) (1) Puuzawanódod, kahi? puu-zawa-nodod, kahi ACT-have_sex-be_violent, be_what ‘What is rape?’ (2) Kuuwode dlo’, puudde kuuzi, dlo’, tahaat kuuzi, puuha’iiazawa. kuuwode dlo’, puudde kuuzi, dlo’, tahaat kuuzi, puu-ha’iia-zawa force PERSON, be_male usually, PERSON, be_female ...