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by Omzinesý
16 Sep 2021 20:32
Forum: Teach & Share
Topic: Curiosities in Finnish
Replies: 38
Views: 7165

Re: Curiosities in Finnish

Plural predicative Finnish grammars call the complement of the copula verb olla the predicative. It is apparently not used that generally in English, but I still find it a good term. In Estonian, the plural predicative always appears in the plural nominative. (1) Estonian Me ole-me noore-d. we be-PL...
by Omzinesý
16 Sep 2021 19:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: A South-Romance Romlang
Replies: 8
Views: 887

Re: A South-Romance Romlang

I'm sure it's intentional, but that is one extremely conservative language. If I may offer some feedback: good: I like that some of the changes are found in other perpheral Romance languages, and in generally most of them feel very justified. not so good: I think if you used more of the common chan...
by Omzinesý
16 Sep 2021 19:35
Forum: Translations
Topic: Recording in progress
Replies: 1
Views: 57

Recording in progress

Zoom nowadays says aloud if somebody turns recording on.


Recording [is] in progress

Got it

Recording sopped
by Omzinesý
15 Sep 2021 11:38
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 33
Views: 4386

Re: Ulion

While Causative must always appear with Inchoative/Inceptive or cessative, Perfect must always appear with a marker of "relevant" or "irrelevant". They can be translated as 'because' and 'though', respectively, in some contexts. Inchoative, cessative, relevance marker and irrelev...
by Omzinesý
14 Sep 2021 22:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: A South-Romance Romlang
Replies: 8
Views: 887

Re: A South-Romance Romlang

Verbs First the stress shifts to the stem, and then the syllable between the stressed syllable and the last syllable dissappears. In the infinitive, e is elided. In pl1 and pl2 the consonant is lost. Canthre 'to sing' PRESENT Cantho 'I sing' Canthas 'you sing' Cantha 's/he sings' Canthaus 'we sing' ...
by Omzinesý
14 Sep 2021 22:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 150
Views: 48948

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

Mekša. 'I (we excl.) hit him/her/them.' Mekha. 'You hit him/her/them.' Meka. 'He/she/they hit him/her/them.' Mekra. 'We (incl.) hit him/her/them.' Mehetša. 'He/she/they hit me (us excl.).' Mehetha. 'He/she/they hit you.' Meheta. 'He/she/they hit him/her/them.' Mehetra. 'He/she/they hit us (incl.).'
by Omzinesý
13 Sep 2021 22:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 150
Views: 48948

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

A new derivation from Kahichali phoneme inventory. p t k s ʃ ç x (ʍ) m n l r j (w) - I'm not sure if the labiovelars should be included. y i u ɛ ɑ Vowels can be nasalized and have some tones. Syllable structure: (C)(C)V The allowed consonant clusters are: plosive + fricative/liquid {p t k} + {s ʃ ç...
by Omzinesý
13 Sep 2021 22:05
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 545
Views: 71043

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I don't know where to put this question, but

I would like to read interesting grammars of some interesting native American languages. What languages and grammars do you recommend, and where to find them?
by Omzinesý
12 Sep 2021 16:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 150
Views: 48948

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

A lang imitating Chinese Onset pʰ tʰ t͡ʂʰ kʰ p t t͡ʂ k b d d͡ʐ g s ʂ z ʐ l mʰ nʰ ɲʰ m n ɲ - Alveolars and retroflexes merger before /i/ or /y/ or a corresponding glide and become corresponding palatals. Medial j ɥ w Nucleus i y u ə ɑ ɒ (The coda consonants below can also be syllabic. ) /jə/ = [je] /...
by Omzinesý
12 Sep 2021 10:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Večʼapruga
Replies: 15
Views: 2205

Re: Večʼapruga

A) If you want to be 'natural' and do how IE langs usually do, you should rather level most ablauts out and leave it in some frequent 'irregular' verbs. If ablaut also affects endings, they can also be reanalysed as suffixes. B) 'Finland' is "Phin-eth-i" (with aspiration) in Georgian. So, ...
by Omzinesý
11 Sep 2021 21:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 150
Views: 48948

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

A Pseudo- Germanic lang One of my favoutite consonant inventories, which I didn't make myself but somebody posted in Random Phonologies thread years ago. p t̪ t͡s k m n ŋ s x z ɣ l ɾ (or possibly ʀ) ʋ j Hungurian-ish vowels y i u ø e o ä Vowels are either long or short (still considering if it affe...
by Omzinesý
11 Sep 2021 18:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 330
Views: 54203

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

/a e o/ /ae̯ ao̯/ /e̯a o̯a/ a e o ae ao ea oa /p t c k kʷ/ /b d ɟ g gʷ/ p t cj~c c qu b d dj~g g gu /f s ɕ h hʷ/ f s ş h hu /m n ɲ/ m n ñ /r l ʋ j/ r l v i (C)(C)V(N). Coda nasal must be homoörganic with the following obstruent, and onset CC clusters must be [obstruent] + [r, l]. /k g/ contrast wit...
by Omzinesý
11 Sep 2021 18:18
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 330
Views: 54203

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

A new derivation from Kahichali phoneme inventory. p t k s ʃ ç x (ʍ) m n l r j (w) - I'm not sure if the labiovelars should be included. y i u ɛ ɑ Vowels can be nasalized and have some tones. Syllable structure: (C)(C)V The allowed consonant clusters are: plosive + fricative/liquid {p t k} + {s ʃ ç ...
by Omzinesý
11 Sep 2021 17:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 33
Views: 4386

Re: Ulion

Genders Ulion has three genders: Masculine, Feminine, and Divine. Some nouns are pluralia tantum. Genders are merged in plural. Around 2/3 of nouns are Masculine. Around 1/3 of nouns are Feminine. A negligible number of nouns are Divine. Feminine - all nouns of the ī declension - all diminutives (co...
by Omzinesý
08 Sep 2021 22:41
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Allophonic /ħ/
Replies: 1
Views: 97

Re: Allophonic /ħ/

Finnish /h/ has very many allophones. I think in front-vocalic environment before a consonant some "throat sound" alternates freely with [ç]. Probably it is described as [ħ] but I'm not sure. My skills of phonetician are not good enough to really recognize the sound. <vihko> ['ʋiħko] ~ ['ʋ...
by Omzinesý
07 Sep 2021 12:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 749
Views: 98040

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

What's an arealis mood? atypo :) Is it similar to a realis mood? If so, why not call it realis mood? Or does it indicate strong epistemic neccesity? Realis mood is a bigger class that includes the normal indicative. It appears in the same places as Subjective but, while Subjective expresses non-fac...
by Omzinesý
07 Sep 2021 02:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 749
Views: 98040

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I have two moods. Both of them are used in subordinate clauses. The first one is a pretty typical subjunctive. 'I insist that he leave us alone .' The second one is a realis mood. 'I know that he leaves us alone .' They are also used for marking future tense in main clauses. The first one is an unce...
by Omzinesý
07 Sep 2021 02:21
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 33
Views: 4386

Re: Ulion

<r><QUOTE author="Omzinesý" post_id="299480" time="1584785765" user_id="147"><s>[quote=Omzinesý post_id=299480 time=1584785765 user_id=147]</s> Control <br/> <br/> Salishan languages have an interesting new feature and I'm now first time applying it in a conlang. <br/> There are two values of the fe...
by Omzinesý
07 Sep 2021 02:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ulion
Replies: 33
Views: 4386

Re: Ulion

Real verbs start getting their shape. All of them have a consonant stem and a vowel stem. (Non)Control is marked with a vowel change. Vowel stems are used for Singular Indicative. The vowel change marking noncontrol forms is caused by distance assimilation of vowel (i-umlaut). Control- Noncontrol q...
by Omzinesý
06 Sep 2021 22:28
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 330
Views: 54203

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

/n r/ can be syllabic, either before an identical onset on the following syllable, or between two consonants, or between word initial position and another consonant. These two consonants can also occur geminate in coda position. Syllabic and geminate /n r/ are both written doubled nn rr ; context s...