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by Omzinesý
17 Oct 2021 14:30
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: Evolving Split Ergativity
Replies: 2
Views: 37

Re: Evolving Split Ergativity

Might be me not understanding your question, but it see no problem, at all. Adpositions usually evolve from nonfinite verbs (in languages that have them). 'regarding', 'concerning' ... instead of regard 'regards' or 'concerns'. Assuming the egrative argument evolves from a nonfinite clause/phrase, t...
by Omzinesý
17 Oct 2021 12:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 789
Views: 107958

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm making a conlang where most nouns are of the form: CVCVC and the first syllable is stressed. There are three lengths/tones of vowels: short, long with a lowering tone, and long with a rising tone. The length/tone of the first, stressed syllable is going to alternate in mophophonological processe...
by Omzinesý
17 Oct 2021 12:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 558
Views: 76114

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Thank you!
I think I understood it.
by Omzinesý
14 Oct 2021 11:05
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 152
Views: 50935

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

Still one lang

There are two sets of vowels:
short: ä, e, i, ɨ~ɘ, o, u, äi, ei, ɨi~ɘi, oi, äu, eu, ɨu~ɘu, ou
long: ä:, e:, i:, ɨ:~ɘ:, o:, u:, äe, e:, ɘe, oe, äo, eo, ɘo, o:

t k
b~ʙ d~ɾ
β ɹ j ɻ ɣ
s ʃ h
m n ŋ*
l ʟ*

*in coda only

Lengthening is usually a morphological process.
by Omzinesý
13 Oct 2021 10:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 558
Views: 76114

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I'm studying Latin gerunds. Wictionary https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Latin_gerunds says: 'The gerund is typically used without an object in Latin. When an object of the gerund is included, the gerundive is used in place of the gerund and given an ending that agrees with the object noun.' T...
by Omzinesý
13 Oct 2021 10:12
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 558
Views: 76114

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Very late, I think you Creyeditor, sangi39, and All4Ɇn.
by Omzinesý
12 Oct 2021 21:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Infinitives could be just case endings added to the verb stem.

jokare 'to sing' Terminative
jokaresa 'to kind of sing' Approximative
johkér 'not to sing, to stop singing' Ablative


Participles

Perfect participle
Discontinuous-past participle
Simultaneous participle
by Omzinesý
11 Oct 2021 18:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Generated words lolol nétin tiuan mama finne fyra fuian tilil pymu polgan tondil feisa puri sonme keri pala meso fufol ueiol pynel meui milďa muiri ruua moie myual panba punśu rilra iéka fonďal ruui uinso lalgo nilul sakin lunsel faire fenrul saiba rotu naibe nannun tyra féuon reso sunil faua momu u...
by Omzinesý
06 Oct 2021 22:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 334
Views: 58382

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Probably something I have done before.

p t k͡p k <p t kp k>
ɓ ɗ ɠ͡ɓ ɠ <bd dd gb gg>
β ɹ w ɣ <b r w g>
ⁿb ⁿd ⁿg͡b ⁿg <nb nd ngb ngg>
m n ŋ͡m ŋ <m n mg ng>
s x <s h>
l ʟ <l ll>

Nouns: VCV
Verbs: CV
by Omzinesý
06 Oct 2021 16:27
Forum: Translations
Topic: The king and the god
Replies: 9
Views: 3920

Re: The king and the god

Elfish society is matrilinear, so the king would only be second-in-command (behind his wife) and he would also wish for a daughter. I didn't change it though, and he wishes for a son in my text. The priest, however, is female in my text. I think, in a matrilinear society, there can well be a male k...
by Omzinesý
06 Oct 2021 16:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Calas Abran (قَلَص أَۏْرَن)
Replies: 3
Views: 281

Re: Calas Abran (قَلَص أَۏْرَن)

Not much to comment at the moment. Interested to see how triconsonantal roots work with those constraints of some consonants appearing in some positions. I hate people commenting orthography when they don't understand anything else, but anyways. Your usage of Arabic letters is quite creative. Persia...
by Omzinesý
06 Oct 2021 16:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ánni
Replies: 14
Views: 796

Re: Ánni

There is apparently no tense marking. How you deal with something happening before something of one planning to do something in the future? Although there's no morphological marking, you could definitely specify tense through adverbs. I'm not sure what you mean by "something happening before s...
by Omzinesý
05 Oct 2021 22:51
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Copula clauses Copula clauses are simple. No verb is needed in Realis. Nouns appear in Nominative as predicates. [subject-NOM] [predicate-NOM] (1) Toka aśola. 'The girl is a family member.' Adjectives appear in Locative as predicates if they express a permanent state. [subject-NOM][predicate-LOC] (2...
by Omzinesý
05 Oct 2021 21:53
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Case inflection Nouns and adjectives have the same case endings. Here, all the example words are adjectives. ėni 'good' (what one subjectively considers good, not 'good at'), mela 'sad', selan 'beautiful' Case endings can be grouped in three based on their morphology: stem cases, i-cases, r-cases. -...
by Omzinesý
05 Oct 2021 17:50
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Incorporation Incorporation is where I usually fail conlangs because I start implementing it in a relatively ready syntax. If structures coding argument structure are complex, incorporation just makes the syntax kitchen-sinky. But Karu syntax is in its infancy, so it is possible to have extensive in...
by Omzinesý
04 Oct 2021 16:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Semantics of TAM Aspect There is one real aspect marker Progressive infix <n>. It expresses events that are going on at the time of the main stream of events. Progressive being marked, the unmarked form expresses habitual/iterative or stative events and events with clear ending points, telic events....
by Omzinesý
01 Oct 2021 12:26
Forum: Translations
Topic: Ablative Absolute
Replies: 31
Views: 7116

Re: Ablative Absolute

Karu could have absolute constructions as the main way of forming adverbial clauses. Their case is Oblique Case. But I think this is not were Olbiquus absolutus is used in Karu. Both clauses have the same subject, so Nominative with a an infinite relative clause, a participle, is better. Translating...
by Omzinesý
01 Oct 2021 09:52
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Ánni
Replies: 14
Views: 796

Re: Ánni

[ Iau is cool. Wow, lau is cool. I think the intansitivizing affix is typologically called the anticausative. Will you have a more thorough description of the semantics of the aspects? I find those complex aspect systems very interesting but hard. There is apparently no tense marking. How you deal ...
by Omzinesý
29 Sep 2021 02:17
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

Verb The template 0[stem], 1[progressive infix], 2[voice], 3[mood, agreement], 4[volitionality, resultative, negation] 1[progressive infix] The progressive marker is infix -n-. It appears before the last consonant of the stem. If the syllable is not open, Progressive is just not marked. Lérrai. 'I ...
by Omzinesý
28 Sep 2021 11:29
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Karu language
Replies: 11
Views: 676

Re: Karu language

History of the palatals The palatals first derived from dentals after a diphthong ending in /i/ or coda /j/. t, d, s, n, => c, ɟ, ɕ, ɲ / Vi_ Liquids have a big longer string of changes r => rʲ => ʑ => ɕ / Vi_ l => lʲ => ʎ => j / Vi_ *toinu > toiɲu 'horse' It is somewhat sporadic if the /i/ element w...