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by Omzinesý
20 Jun 2021 12:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - Project something Word classes

Nouns No obligatory morphology. Three articles: i 'indefinite', a 'definite', o 'proper noun'. Generic nouns probably without article. a paju 'the cat' i paju 'the cat' o paju 'Cat' Adjectives A closed class. Appear before their head noun. Cannot appear as predicatives. i kii paju 'a small cat' Sta...
by Omzinesý
20 Jun 2021 10:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - Project something Syntax

The transitive construction V Abs Erg U soke i paju k-a hetaika PERFVE kill INDEF cat ERG-DEF hunter 'The hunter killed a cat.' Antipassive is formed by incorporating "noi" thing. U soke-noi a hetekai PERFVE kill-ANTIP DEF hunter 'The hunter killed.' A passive/anticausative is just the clause withou...
by Omzinesý
18 Jun 2021 21:36
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread - Project something Phonology

(C)V(V) p t k ʔ m n m' n' s h ɾ ɟ (intervocally only) j w j' w' <p t k '> <m n> <m̂ n̂> <r j> <z h> <y w> <ŷ ŵ> Some kind of a consonant gradation: Strong - Weak p - w t - r k - ɟ ~ w ʔ - h s - h m' - m n' - n j' - j w' - w Basic 5-vowel system Short i u e o a Long ii uu ei eu oi ou ee oo ai au ae a...
by Omzinesý
16 Jun 2021 19:19
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0
Replies: 67
Views: 13119

Re: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0

I'm considering adding a new participle -ri from actor nominalization -re and adjectival suffix -i (German -ig, English -y).

en slapri princessa 'a sleeping princess'
by Omzinesý
16 Jun 2021 18:56
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0
Replies: 67
Views: 13119

Re: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0

Consonants: pʰ <p>, tʰ <t>, kʰ <k> b <b>, d <d>, g <g> t͡s <z>, t͡ʃ <c> f <f>, s <sz>, ʃ <sc>, h <h> v <v>, z <s> m <m>, n <n>, ŋ <ng> ɾ <r> l <l>, j <j> Vowels: i <i>, u <u> ɛ <e>, ɔ <o> a <a> Diphthongs: aɪ <y>, aʊ <au>, ɔɪ <eu> I’d like to know your perspective on how you develop orthographies. ...
by Omzinesý
11 Jun 2021 12:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0
Replies: 67
Views: 13119

Re: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0

"s" 'is' is usually used in general copula clauses. (1) Ek s conlangre. ['ɛks'kɔnlaŋɾɛ] 'I am a conlanger.' "sy" is used in equative clauses. (2) Ek sy Omzinesý. ['ɛgzai(j)ɔmt͡sinɛ'zai] (I guess this is how they would read my name.) 'I am omzinesý.' "sy" is also used emphatically. (3) Ek sy conlangr...
by Omzinesý
11 Jun 2021 12:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0
Replies: 67
Views: 13119

Re: Siglisc (Germanic lang) 4.0

Adjectives I realized I haven't said anything about adjectives. Basic positive adjectives do not inflect. En glad man gai op gange. 'A happy man is walking in a footpath.' De man s glad. 'The man is happy.' The comparative is formed with the particle me 'more' and the superlative with mesz 'most'. ...
by Omzinesý
10 Jun 2021 19:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 303
Views: 33918

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Inspired by Mongilian, I made this. +ATR/-ATR i/ɪ ʉ/ɞ u/ʊ e/ɪ ɵ/ɞ o/ʊ ɐ/ɑ There are thus 7 +ATR vowels but only 4 -ATR vowels. There is also back/non-back harmony of mid- and closed-vowels, correlating with "male words" and "female words". p t t͡s k ɢ m n v ɮ z h j w (considering some phonemic palat...
by Omzinesý
10 Jun 2021 15:25
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Kfadipqh language
Replies: 3
Views: 183

Re: Kfadipqh language

Ideas for morphological categories Many of them are expressed supprasegmentally Two mood slots 1) Realis/Irrealis, Positive/Negative 2) More specific moods (could, should, evidentials, "I think" etc., imperative) No tense Future is expressed by irrealis moods As many as three Aspect(ish) slots (mayb...
by Omzinesý
09 Jun 2021 20:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Kfadipqh language
Replies: 3
Views: 183

Re: Kfadipqh language

Syntax The distinction between nouns and verbs is blurred and some words just appear as arguments and some as predicates in the syntax. Usually the words appearing as arguments are static, i.e., not marked for aspect, but it is not necessary. The usual word order is VS, but it is not distinctive. Th...
by Omzinesý
09 Jun 2021 19:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Kfadipqh language
Replies: 3
Views: 183

Kfadipqh language

Kfádipqh [kfɑ˥ð̞ipχ] (The last sound is uvular, which the board seems not to understand.) I think, it's the time open a thread for this lang, which I have been developing in some messages in my scarp thread. I named it Kfádipqh. This is a hard project, full of features that I don't really understand...
by Omzinesý
09 Jun 2021 11:01
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 303
Views: 33918

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Vlürch wrote: 08 Jun 2021 11:24 /t͡ʃ t͡ʂ/ <ч ҷ>
/ ʃ ʂ/ <ш щ>
I started thinking if it be more Russian-like to flip the letters of the sibilants. But then the affricate letters would not be that logical. Idk.
by Omzinesý
09 Jun 2021 10:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Hinzamazi gima (a failed attempt at "un-Borean" language)
Replies: 3
Views: 220

Re: Hinzamazi gima (a failed attempt at "un-Borean" language)

Nice project. You can dig it up one day if you want. I'm not very familiar with what are Borean features you avoid but it has some interesting ideas anyway.

Of course, it lacks semantics of all the forms and allomorphy etc. But nice start.
by Omzinesý
07 Jun 2021 11:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 622
Views: 57033

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

This is not a precise question but anyways. How should I start building complex aspect system? I could go a bit kitchen-sinky but don't know how. I have usually just gone with three-way distinction: habitual, progressive, perfective. I read the aspect section in Mithun's book on American languages a...
by Omzinesý
04 Jun 2021 14:11
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

Theoretically, I agree with you, but I think one gets a better intuition out of the table if I don't give glottal stop and vowel harmony a value in a category that does not specify them well.
by Omzinesý
04 Jun 2021 14:09
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 376
Views: 45296

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Aìḳìlàt (kaha) ḷuá. INV.die<A> (man.OBL) war.PAT The war was died for (by men). If the circumstantial construction derives from an inverse voice instead of a passive, should the agent still be an obligatory complement? Or do I misunderstand? Mm, syntax definitely isn't my forte, so I may be using t...
by Omzinesý
03 Jun 2021 11:34
Forum: Beginners' Corner
Topic: How necessary are noun cases?
Replies: 31
Views: 3810

Re: How necessary are noun cases?

Zamenhof insisted upon a distinction between the nominative case and the accusative case for nouns. He wanted things simple in Esperanto, but not so simple that they created ambiguity. Consider this sentence: Jack loves music more than his cat. Does this mean that Jack loves music more than he love...
by Omzinesý
03 Jun 2021 11:22
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

More systematically presenting the suprasegmentals above Spreads to In peak In non-peak the whole domain only domain only domain High pitch YES YES NO Low pitch YES NO YES Nasalization YES NO NO Glottal stop NO ?* NO Vowel reduction NO NO YES Vowel harmony - NO NO *The glottal stop is a possible bor...
by Omzinesý
03 Jun 2021 11:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Omzinian Scrap thread
Replies: 129
Views: 35725

Re: Omzinian Scrap thread

Wow, that looks really cool. This is really an innovative and original of supresegmental conlanging. I like peak-domain best amongst your proposals, since pitch is not the only feature that can have a peak. Another idea I head was head-domain, because you could think of this as the main domain in t...
by Omzinesý
03 Jun 2021 10:46
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 622
Views: 57033

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

My conlang has three basic verbal distinctions: the reallis, the subjunctive, and the imperative/jussive. I intend to create a tense distinction by adding a "future" prefix, so that there now becomes a basic verbal distinction of nonfuture and future. Would it then make sense for the imperative/jus...