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by Shemtov
21 Oct 2021 23:44
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)
Replies: 5
Views: 152

Re: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)

Prefatory note: Given that they are refered to as such in the native writing system, and that they are reflexes of final from the proto-lang, I will refer to the raised letters at the end of syllables as "Finals". The permitted finals are <ʳ ⁿ ˀ ʰ ˀⁿ>. Verbs: Verbs have three forms: The im...
by Shemtov
21 Oct 2021 06:47
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)
Replies: 5
Views: 152

Re: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)

Deictics:
Proximal singular: Nyó
Proximal plural: Nyó-póⁿ
Distal singular: Zhíˀⁿ
Distal plural: Zhíˀⁿ-póⁿ

Pronouns:
1P sing: Nyò
1P plr:Nyò-póⁿ
2P sing: Nhùʳ
2p plr: Nhùʳ-póⁿ
3P anim. sing: Chwàʰ
3p anim plr: Chwàʰ-póⁿ
3P inanim sing: Qȁʰ
3P inamnim plr: Qȁʰ-póⁿ
by Shemtov
21 Oct 2021 05:07
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)
Replies: 5
Views: 152

Re: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)

The basics of the Noun phrase: Nouns take postclitics to mark case. Note that these are true clitics, as we will see, numbers can come between the noun and the clitic. The accusative has two forms, based on whether the noun is animate or inanimate. Nominative: ∅ Accusative (anim): A̋ˀ Accusative (in...
by Shemtov
20 Oct 2021 20:18
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)
Replies: 5
Views: 152

Re: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)

And I had to strike a balance between transcription and romanization. There are 10 graphemes that signal the presence of a ˀ ending. What I decided to do is show the phonology of Proto-Central Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ. So Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ in Proto Central would have been pronounced /t͡ɕʰiɚ˥ pɛʔ˩ kaˀɴ˩/, and the onl...
by Shemtov
20 Oct 2021 04:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)
Replies: 5
Views: 152

Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ ( Dialect of Hmïőˀ Hmïőʰ Shéⁿ Kúʰ)

This is a parallel project to Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic, as this language is a neice to said language. Qíʳ Bȁˀ Gàˀⁿ /t͡ɕʰi:˥ pɛ˩˧ kɑ̃˩˧/ are the languages of the Qíʳ Bȁˀ city states which pepper the valleys of the Kiruhatsu Mountains. This thread will focus on the dialect of the powerful city sta...
by Shemtov
20 Oct 2021 01:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 827
Views: 212446

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:vie: <Pháp> "France" :eng: <Fap> okay thanks, now i DEFINITELY want to see a Polandball cartoon or something along this line .... i thought Māori calling them wīwī was the only one funny one, but now i know this. Also, Hakka Chinese also calls them fap, and Yue and Gan both use something...
by Shemtov
20 Oct 2021 00:38
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 832
Views: 242275

Re: False cognates

Has anyone mentioned :vie: <chào> and :ita: <ciao> yet>?
by Shemtov
18 Oct 2021 23:39
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 799
Views: 109164

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

What effect, if any, would an implosive merger with plain voiced stops have on tone?
by Shemtov
14 Oct 2021 05:37
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: The History of the Greater West
Replies: 38
Views: 19432

Re: The History of the Greater West

The Shimonim believed that The Father created the Son and Daughter, the Aeons, and "Humans in Paradise" before the Demiurge was even created. However, The Daughter wished to create something of her own accord, which was the Demiurge, who created another world, our world. The Father told th...
by Shemtov
12 Oct 2021 01:13
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0
Replies: 4
Views: 456

Re: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0

Pronouns: There are a few sets of pronouns, based on politeness. The simple pronouns, used for talking to equals: 1P sing: Nhàu 1P plr: Nhàu-fāang 2P sing: Nrừă 2p plr: Nrừă-fāang 3P sing: Trừă 3p plr: Trừă-fāang The polite pronouns are constructions of long phrases. I will give examples in the sing...
by Shemtov
11 Oct 2021 04:38
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 832
Views: 242275

Re: False cognates

WeepingElf wrote: 08 Oct 2021 15:18 Japanese gaijin 'foreigner', Hebrew goj 'non-Jew' and Romani gajo 'non-Roma' are probably all unrelated.
I would say that the Gai in Gaijin, and the :isr: /goj/ are the false cognates here, since "goj" would be an IPA or German/Polish/Hungarian etc. spelling.
by Shemtov
08 Oct 2021 02:47
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 832
Views: 242275

Re: False cognates

Latin <Genius> and Hebrew /gaʔon/ "Genius". I searched for the origin of the :isr:, based on the discussion on the False friends thread, thinking it might be a loan from a Greek form, but it seems to be a native form. The :isr: seems also to be unrelated to the :ara: source of the family o...
by Shemtov
07 Oct 2021 01:37
Forum: Conworlds & Concultures
Topic: What if Aztlan and Atlantis were cognate names?
Replies: 23
Views: 4583

Re: What if Aztlan and Atlantis were cognate names?

orichalcum (an imaginary metal) Actually I've heard a theory that orichalcum may be: A. An otherwise unattested dialectal word for "electrum", that became known as a mythical metal by Plato's time or B. If the story has non-Greek sources, one may have described electrum as "mountain ...
by Shemtov
03 Oct 2021 19:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0
Replies: 4
Views: 456

Re: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0

Between numbers and demonstratives, there are measure words. Common Measure words: People (neutral): Żien Male people (polite): Nruôô Female people (Polite): Wừư Animals: Lu̠m Reptiles, rodents and land arthropods: Trớp Edible water animals: Bü̠ă Edible plants: Fằk Precious stones: Lư̠ưp Things with...
by Shemtov
01 Oct 2021 00:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0
Replies: 4
Views: 456

Re: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0

The Noun Phrase part 1: Plurals: Plurality is optionally marked. There are two ways of marking plurality: For sentient beings, the particle fāang is used: Dừi fāang person PLR "People" Vi̠iă fāang woman PLR Ĝùuă fāang younger.brother PLR "Younger brothers" Note that this is never...
by Shemtov
23 Sep 2021 05:01
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 827
Views: 212446

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Mandarin 八 bā "Eight" vs. Vietnamese <Ba> "Three"
by Shemtov
23 Sep 2021 03:54
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Playing with 3S Language
Replies: 17
Views: 1078

Re: Playing with 3S Language

Creyeditor wrote: 09 Sep 2021 18:48, because the Tarot card concepts are famously flexible.
For example, somebody can look at The World Card and think of a bisexual English vampire who can pause time and who turned a Catholic priest gay.
by Shemtov
17 Sep 2021 03:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0
Replies: 4
Views: 456

Re: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0

I changing the tone system, using the vowel <a> as the orthographic example: ˥ ˧ ˩ ˧˩ <ā a a̠ à> I'm also reducing the triphthongs, so there are no "long" triphthongs, so new vowel system: /i y u ɯ e o ə ɛ œ ɔ ʌ a/ <i ü u ư ê ô ă e ö o ơ a> /i: y: u: ɯ: e: o: ɛ: œ: ɔ: ʌ: a:/ <ii üü uu ưư ê...
by Shemtov
15 Sep 2021 03:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0
Replies: 4
Views: 456

Classical Ħanese/Proto-Kanic version 2.0

This is a redo of a language that I tried to create before. This is the language of The Kan Kingdom (Native name Ħa̠n) which was influencial on the Nihon-Suomi Kingdom, which became one of the dominant groups of the Fuhe-Suomi. It also gave rise to the Kanic languages, minority languages in northeas...