Search found 4080 matches

by Ahzoh
11 Jun 2021 04:03
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Yay or Nay?
Replies: 148
Views: 15148

Re: Yay or Nay?

Yay or nay? Switch from Nominative-Oblique system to Direct-Oblique system? Nominative-Oblique system: SG / PL Subject: alādum / alādū DirObject: alādam / alādā IndObject: alādam / alādā Direct-Oblique system: SG / PL Subject: alādum / alādū DirObject: alādum / alādū IndObject: alādam / alādā
by Ahzoh
10 Jun 2021 09:37
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Regarding my other conlang Hussite, I came up with this copula structure: Ua Samsaddiai āfaš /wa samsatːijaj aːfaʃ / "He is Samsaddi" (lit. "he Samsaddi-like man") Ua Šanarai irdaš /wa ʃanaɾaj iɾtaʃ/ "She is Shanar" (lit. "she Shanar-like woman") Mi Asunardai āfaš /mi asunaɾtaj aːfaʃ/ "I am Ezu-Nard...
by Ahzoh
09 Jun 2021 01:27
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

So that means that sarī- can also be used on its own with no other verb accompanying it, right? It's not supposed to, it's supposed to be so semantically bleached that it can't really exist on its own, much like verbs like "can" and "must" can't (unless they're used to refer to an antecedent verb i...
by Ahzoh
08 Jun 2021 03:26
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

1. Wouldn’t that be an adverb instead of a verb? (Or, maybe, a converb, except I don’t know what that term means!) It's not an adverb because adverbs are pretty much by definition not verbs and do not behave like verbs. Converbs are pretty much verbs that are used for adverbial expressions and they...
by Ahzoh
07 Jun 2021 00:10
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

I came up with the idea of a verb that indicates pluractionality. The verb being sarī-:

ī-sun
"They went [to that location]"

ī-sun sarī-sun
"They went [to that location] (pluractional)"
by Ahzoh
04 Jun 2021 08:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

relative verbs do be interesting: sāʾammēsu! "you, who must come!" sāʾammēsutu! "you, who must not come!" īyammēsu! "you, who must go!" īyammēsutu! "you, who must not go!" iyāya lagâm zūdnēse "A fool's laugh that I heard" It can be used in a vocative sense: Rēbni sāʾammēsi. [ˈrɛːb.ni sɒː.ʔɒmˈmɛː.si]...
by Ahzoh
03 Jun 2021 22:33
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Why would it turn into a subjunctive when you already have a subjunctive? The subjunctive will turn into the future and there will be no subjunctive form anymore. Oh, OK. I thought you said you were going to form the future with a prefix. Yea, I am going to form the future with a prefix on the base...
by Ahzoh
03 Jun 2021 19:32
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Why would it turn into a subjunctive when you already have a subjunctive? The subjunctive will turn into the future and there will be no subjunctive form anymore. That leaves there only being indicative mood and imperative/jussive. I'm also iffy how much remaining modal force I would want the new f...
by Ahzoh
03 Jun 2021 06:15
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

My conlang has three basic verbal distinctions: the reallis, the subjunctive, and the imperative/jussive. I intend to create a tense distinction by adding a "future" prefix, so that there now becomes a basic verbal distinction of nonfuture and future. Would it then make sense for the imperative/juss...
by Ahzoh
30 May 2021 22:59
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Salmoneus wrote: 30 May 2021 20:11 But ATR also isn't the same thing as palatalisation!
Of course they're not the same and I was talking about them as if they were two distinct features, which they are.
by Ahzoh
30 May 2021 20:08
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

Salmoneus wrote: 30 May 2021 18:25 ...how do you 'palatalise' a vowel without 'raising' it?
In this case, it is merely fronting it, but also I think ATR causes "lax" vowels to become "tense" vowels, which can result in some raising. But that isn't necessarily the same as turning /e/ into /i/ or /o/ into /u/.
by Ahzoh
30 May 2021 03:34
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I can't remember, but can pharyngeals lower vowels? I know that they advance the tongue root, in contrast to uvulars that retract it, but I'm not sure if that means they couldn't lower vowels. Or conversely, could they raise vowels? I don't have any academic sources, but from my own experience, Ara...
by Ahzoh
29 May 2021 02:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

The most common effect [of post-velars on vowels] is lowering, which can apply systematically to all the non-low vowels in a language’s inventory. Lowering can occur next to all post-velar consonants. Backing is also attested, but is less common than lowering and tends to occur more next to uvulars...
by Ahzoh
29 May 2021 00:41
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

You should look at the dissertation of Syllak-Glassman on post-velar consonants. He definitely has all the data. Here is a link. Thanks, an interesting read on its own virtue to be sure! Although I don't really have the kind of time right now to sift through this rather large paper to look for an a...
by Ahzoh
28 May 2021 22:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 621
Views: 55088

Re: (Conlangs) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

I can't remember, but can pharyngeals lower vowels? I know that they advance the tongue root, in contrast to uvulars that retract it, but I'm not sure if that means they couldn't lower vowels. Or conversely, could they raise vowels?
by Ahzoh
24 May 2021 10:02
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Vowel inventories of the two major registers/dialects of Vrkhazhian: /a aː i iː u uː/ <a ā i ī u ū> (Old Vrkhazhian) /ɒ ɒː æ æː i iː u uː/ <a ā e ē i ī u ū> (Imperial Vrkhazhian) /ɑ ɑː e eː o oː i iː u uː/<a ā e ē o ō i ī u ū> (Common Vrkhazhian) aʔ aʡ > a e (geminates following consonant) iʔ iʡ > i...
by Ahzoh
22 May 2021 20:40
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: The longest and the shortest word in your conlang
Replies: 22
Views: 2555

Re: The longest and the shortest word in your conlang

Vrkhazhian:

Longest

pañyarḫāḫ-um/-im "interrogator"

Shortest

ē "and (phrase level)"
by Ahzoh
22 May 2021 20:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Omzinesý wrote: 22 May 2021 18:12 What do those labels mean?
They are what each pattern/template signifies
by Ahzoh
20 May 2021 01:06
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 374
Views: 43818

Re: What did you accomplish today?

I have a full set of paradigms now: √P-R-Ḫ (speak, say) PaRuḪna (1cs active realis) naPRaḪna (1cs active irrealis I) PaRḪānna (1cs active irrealis II) taPRuḪna (1cs applicative realis) nataPRaḪna (1cs applicative irrealis I) taPRaḪānna (1cs applicative irrealis II) PaRRaḪ- (active adjective) PaRāḪ- ...
by Ahzoh
14 May 2021 22:58
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread
Replies: 299
Views: 32994

Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

I had a dream about a language with strange phonemes, so I decided, based on that, to have a ritualized register of Vrkhazhian, the language's vocabulary being primarily derived from oneiromancy. šāht wazūwur na /ʃa̤ːt ɥazuːɥur na/ "The Mouth from Dreams" /a aː i iː u uː/<a ā i ī u ū> /a̤ a̤ː i̤ i̤ː...