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by GrandPiano
17 Jan 2021 05:03
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

:ara: قرينة qarīna "wife"
:ita: carina "pretty"
by GrandPiano
06 Jan 2021 07:09
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

:ara: أستاذ ʾustāḏ "professor, teacher, title of courtesy for an individual of higher education or learning"
:esp: usted "you (respectful)"

Maybe a bit of a stretch, but it stood out to me.
by GrandPiano
06 Jan 2021 07:03
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: Japanese Pitch Accent [split from Q&A]
Replies: 16
Views: 936

Re: Japanese Pitch Accent

1) are there any native non-compound words that are four syllables or longer? ホトトギス hototógisu "lesser cuckoo" is one. I have found some minimal pairs or near minimal pairs for some vowel sequences. I should probably go through my resources though and see what patterns there are and what limitation...
by GrandPiano
03 Dec 2020 05:10
Forum: Translations
Topic: I felt that...
Replies: 18
Views: 4293

Re: I felt that...

:es-pv: Basque Ziur nago hil zuela. /s̻i.ur nago il s̻u.ela/ [s̻i.ur naɣo il t͡s̻u.ela] ziur n-a-go hil-∅ z-∅-u-∅-en-la sure 1SG-PRES-be kill-PP 3.ERG.3.ABS.PST-SG.ABS-AUX-SG.ERG-PST-COMP I'm sure he killed him. (Hark hura) hiltzen ikusi nuen. /(ark uɾa) ilt͡s̻en ikus̺i nu.en/ [(ark uɾa) ilt͡s̻en ik...
by GrandPiano
01 Oct 2020 17:44
Forum: Translations
Topic: Animal Farm - The seven commandments
Replies: 10
Views: 1026

Re: Animal Farm - The seven commandments

:es-pv: Basque Bi hankaz dabilena etsaia da. /bi ankas̻ dabiʎena et͡s̺ai.a da/ [bi ankas̻ taβiʎena et͡s̺ai.a ða] bi hanka=z d-a-bil-∅-en=a etsai=a da two leg=INSTR.INDEF 3.PRS-PRS-walk-SG-REL=ABS.SG enemy=ABS.SG COP.PRS.3SG Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Lau hankaz dabilena, edo hegoak dau...
by GrandPiano
09 Sep 2020 16:54
Forum: Translations
Topic: The food that we were going to sell
Replies: 28
Views: 5071

Re: The food that we were going to sell

:es-pv: Basque Salduko genuen janaria ez daiteke sal, gure sukaldaria ez baitago. /s̺alduko genu.en janaɾi.a es̻ daiteke s̺al | guɾe s̺ukaldaɾi.a es̻ baitago/ [s̺alduko ɣenu.en janaɾi.a es̻ taiteke s̺al | guɾe s̺ukaldaɾi.a es̻ paitaɣo] sal-duko gen-∅-u-en-n janari=a ez d-a-di-∅-te-ke sal | gu-re suk...
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 22:15
Forum: Translations
Topic: Questions and indefinites
Replies: 35
Views: 5431

Re: Questions and indefinites

:es-pv: Basque Basque forms these types of indefinite pronouns by adding -bait to the corresponding question word. (In some of these cases, the translation depends on which part of the sentence is the focus; I'm assuming that the second sentence in each pair is meant to be an answer to the first.) (...
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 16:11
Forum: Translations
Topic: I did it..
Replies: 17
Views: 3031

Re: I did it..

:es-pv: Basque

Nahi nuelako egin nuen.
/nai nu.elako egin nu.en/
nahi-∅ n-∅-u-en-lako egi-n n-∅-u-en
desire-ABS.INDF 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-have-PST-because do-PP 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-PST

I did it because I wanted to.
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 15:54
Forum: Translations
Topic: Who runs faster than me?
Replies: 31
Views: 5178

Re: Who runs faster than me?

:es-pv: Basque Nork egiten du nik baino azkar korrika? /nork egiten du nik baɲo as̻kar korika/ [nork eɣiten du ni paɲo as̻kar korika] nor-k egi-ten d-∅-u-∅ ni-k baino azkar korrika=∅ who-ERG do-PRESP 3.ABS.PRS-SG.ABS-AUX-3SG.ERG 1SG-ERG than fast running=ABS.INDF Who runs faster than me? Inork ez du...
by GrandPiano
07 Sep 2020 19:06
Forum: Translations
Topic: We are the last live leaves of the dying tree
Replies: 23
Views: 14136

Re: We are the last live leaves of the dying tree

:es-pv: Basque Hilzorian dagoen zuhaitzeko azken hosto bizidunak gara. /ils̻oɾi.an dago.en s̻u.ait͡s̻eko as̻ken os̺to bis̻idunak gara/ [ilt͡s̻oɾi.an daɣo.en t͡s̻u.ait͡s̻eko as̻ken os̺to βis̻iðuna kara] hilzori=an d-a-go-en zuhaitz=eko azken hosto bizidun=ak g-a-ra death.throes=INESS.SG 3.PRS-PRS-be....
by GrandPiano
07 Sep 2020 18:31
Forum: Translations
Topic: It only snows in the north, but it rains everywhere.
Replies: 60
Views: 12567

Re: It only snows in the north, but it rains everywhere.

:es-pv: Basque Elurra iparraldean egiten du bakarrik, baina euria alde guztietan egiten du. /elura iparalde.an egiten du bakarik | baɲa euɾi.a alde gus̻ti.etan egiten du/ elurr=a iparralde=an egi-ten d-∅-u-∅ bakarrik | baina euri=a alde guzti=etan egi-ten d-∅-u-∅ snow=ABS.SG north=INESS.SG do-PRESP ...
by GrandPiano
06 Sep 2020 18:58
Forum: Translations
Topic: When they ask how I died, tell them: still angry.
Replies: 9
Views: 2101

Re: When they ask how I died, tell them: still angry.

:es-pv: Basque Nola hil nintzen galdetzen dutenean, esaiezu: artean haserre. /nola il nint͡s̻en galdet͡s̻en dutene.an | es̺ai.es̻u ‖ arte.an as̺ere/ nola hil-∅ n-i-n-za-en-n galde-tzen d-∅-u-te-n=ean | e-sa-∅-i-e-zu ‖ artean haserre how die-PP 1SG.ABS-PST-PST-AUX-PST-COMP.Q ask-PRESP 3.ABS-SG.ABS-AU...
by GrandPiano
06 Sep 2020 18:12
Forum: Translations
Topic: Of course...
Replies: 14
Views: 1944

Re: Of course...

:es-pv: Basque Galdetu nuen: «Zergatik ari zara zure emaztea jotzen?» /galdetu nu.en ‖ s̻ergatik aɾi s̻aɾa s̻uɾe emas̻te.a jot͡s̻en/ galde-tu n-∅-u-en ‖ zer-gatik ari z-a-ra-∅ zu-re emazte=a jo-tzen ask-PP 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-PST ‖ what-MOTIV PROG 2SG.ABS-PRS-AUX.PL.ABS-PRS 2SG-GEN wife=ABS.SG ...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 22:40
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 782
Views: 180354

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Not sure if this has been posted here before, but:

:esp: si "if"
:esp: se (third-person reflexive pronoun)

:ita: se "if"
:ita: si (third-person reflexive pronoun)
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 22:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

...can you really rule out cases of similarity only due to later sound changes, when those soundchanges are themselves common, or areally common? Okay, that's also a good point, but it just occurred to me that there's another argument against a connection between aurum and urre via a non-Italic IE ...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 07:22
Forum: Translations
Topic: I am king of kings
Replies: 98
Views: 52906

Re: I am king of kings

:es-pv: Basque

Erregeen erregea naiz.
/erege.en erege.a nais̻/
errege=en errege=a n-a-iz
king=GEN.PL king=ABS.SG 1SG.ABS-PRS-COP

I am king of kings.
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 07:10
Forum: Translations
Topic: Fun with questions
Replies: 47
Views: 20413

Re: Fun with questions

:es-pv: Basque Hil (al) zenuen? /il (al) s̻enu.en/ hil-∅ (al) zen-∅-u-∅-en kill-PP (Q) 2.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-SG.ERG-PST Did you kill him? Ez (al) zenuen hil? /es̻ (al) s̻enu.en il/ ez (al) zen-∅-u-∅-en hil-∅ NEG (Q) 2.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-SG.ERG-PST kill-PP Didn't you kill him? Bai. / Ez. /ba...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 06:07
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

However, we also have to bear in mind that Vasconic had been living alongside Indo-European languages, including undescribed Indo-European languages that may well have been closely related to Italo-Celtic, for hundreds if not thousands of years before the era of Latin-to-Proto-Basque borrowings - a...
by GrandPiano
30 May 2020 03:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

:es-pv: bi "two" :eng: bi- , :lat: bis "twice" :es-pv: sei "six" :ita: sei "six", :esp: :por: seis "six" :es-pv: urre "gold" :lat: aurum "gold" I'm not sure, given how little we know of proto-Vasconic, if we could make the argument that these are truly not cognates. Apparently bi was originally big...
by GrandPiano
26 May 2020 05:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 776
Views: 203587

Re: False cognates

:es-pv: da "is"
:jpn: だ da "is, are, am"

:es-pv: haize "wind"
:jpn: 風 kaze "wind"

:es-pv: bi "two"
:eng: bi-, :lat: bis "twice"

:es-pv: sei "six"
:ita: sei "six", :esp: :por: seis "six"

:es-pv: urre "gold"
:lat: aurum "gold"