Search found 2091 matches

by GrandPiano
01 Oct 2020 17:44
Forum: Translations
Topic: Animal Farm - The seven commandments
Replies: 10
Views: 552

Re: Animal Farm - The seven commandments

:es-pv: Basque Bi hankaz dabilena etsaia da. /bi ankas̻ dabiʎena et͡s̺aia da/ bi hanka=z d-a-bil-∅-en=a etsai=a da two leg=INSTR.INDEF 3.PRS-PRS-walk-SG-REL=ABS.SG enemy=ABS.SG COP.PRS.3SG Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy. Lau hankaz dabilena, edo hegoak dauzkana, laguna da. /lau ankas̻ dabiʎ...
by GrandPiano
09 Sep 2020 16:54
Forum: Translations
Topic: The food that we were going to sell
Replies: 28
Views: 4309

Re: The food that we were going to sell

:es-pv: Basque Salduko genuen janaria ez daiteke sal, gure sukaldaria ez baitago. /s̺alduko genuen xanaɾia es̻ daiteke s̺al | guɾe s̺ukaldaɾia es̻ baitago/ sal-duko gen-∅-u-en-n janari=a ez d-a-di-∅-te-ke-∅ sal | gu-re sukaldari=a ez bait-d-a-go-∅ sell-FUTP 1PL.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-PST-REL food=ABS....
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 22:15
Forum: Translations
Topic: Questions and indefinites
Replies: 35
Views: 4636

Re: Questions and indefinites

:es-pv: Basque Basque forms these types of indefinite pronouns by adding -bait to the corresponding question word. (In some of these cases, the translation depends on which part of the sentence is the focus; I'm assuming that the second sentence in each pair is meant to be an answer to the first.) (...
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 16:11
Forum: Translations
Topic: I did it..
Replies: 17
Views: 2534

Re: I did it..

:es-pv: Basque

Egin nuen nahi nuelako.
/egin nuen nai nuelako/
egi-n n-∅-u-en nahi-∅ n-∅-u-en-lako
do-PP 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-PST desire-ABS.INDF 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-have-PST-because

I did it because I wanted to.
by GrandPiano
08 Sep 2020 15:54
Forum: Translations
Topic: Who runs faster than me?
Replies: 31
Views: 4303

Re: Who runs faster than me?

:es-pv: Basque Nork egiten du nik baino azkar korrika? /nork egiten du nik baɲo as̻kar korika/ nor-k egi-ten d-∅-u-∅-∅ ni-k baino azkar korrika=∅ who-ERG do-PRESP 3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-3SG.ERG-PRS 1SG-ERG than fast running=ABS.INDF Who runs faster than me? Inork ez du nik baino azkar korrika egiten. /iɲo...
by GrandPiano
07 Sep 2020 19:06
Forum: Translations
Topic: We are the last live leaves of the dying tree
Replies: 23
Views: 13461

Re: We are the last live leaves of the dying tree

:es-pv: Basque Hilzorian dagoen zuhaitzeko azken hosto bizidunak gara. /ils̻oɾian dagoen s̻uait͡s̻eko as̻ken os̺to bis̻idunak gara/ hilzori=an d-a-go-∅-en zuhaitz=eko azken hosto bizidun=ak g-a-ra-∅ death.throes=INESS.SG 3-PRS-be.SG-PRS-REL tree=LOCGEN.SG last leaf live=ABS.PL 1PL-PRS-COP.PL-PRS We ...
by GrandPiano
07 Sep 2020 18:31
Forum: Translations
Topic: It only snows in the north, but it rains everywhere.
Replies: 60
Views: 11178

Re: It only snows in the north, but it rains everywhere.

:es-pv: Basque Elurra iparraldean egiten du bakarrik, baina euria alde guztietan egiten du. /elura iparaldean egiten du bakarik | baɲa euɾia alde gus̻tietan egiten du/ elurr=a iparralde=an egi-ten d-∅-u-∅-∅ bakarrik | baina euri=a alde guzti=etan egi-ten d-∅-u-∅-∅ snow=ABS.SG north=INESS.SG do-PRESP...
by GrandPiano
06 Sep 2020 18:58
Forum: Translations
Topic: When they ask how I died, tell them: still angry.
Replies: 9
Views: 1848

Re: When they ask how I died, tell them: still angry.

:es-pv: Basque Nola hil nintzen galdetzen dutenean, esaiezu: artean haserre. /nola il nint͡s̻en galdet͡s̻en dutenean | es̺aies̻u ‖ artean as̺ere/ nola hil-∅ n-i-n-za-en-n galde-tzen d-∅-u-te-n=ean | e-sa-∅-i-e-zu ‖ artean haserre how die-PP 1SG.ABS-PST-PST-AUX-PST-COMP.Q ask-PRESP 3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-3...
by GrandPiano
06 Sep 2020 18:12
Forum: Translations
Topic: Of course...
Replies: 14
Views: 1700

Re: Of course...

:es-pv: Basque Galdetu nuen: «Zergatik ari zara zure emaztea jotzen?» /galdetu nuen ‖ s̻ergatik aɾi s̻aɾa s̻uɾe emas̻tea xot͡s̻en/ galde-tu n-∅-u-en ‖ zer-gatik ari z-a-ra-∅ zu-re emazte=a jo-tzen ask-PP 1SG.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX-PST ‖ what-MOTIV PROG 2SG.ABS-PRS-AUX.PL.ABS-PRS 2SG-GEN wife=ABS.SG hi...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 22:40
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 781
Views: 172543

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Not sure if this has been posted here before, but:

:esp: si "if"
:esp: se (third-person reflexive pronoun)

:ita: se "if"
:ita: si (third-person reflexive pronoun)
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 22:32
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 767
Views: 194883

Re: False cognates

...can you really rule out cases of similarity only due to later sound changes, when those soundchanges are themselves common, or areally common? Okay, that's also a good point, but it just occurred to me that there's another argument against a connection between aurum and urre via a non-Italic IE ...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 07:22
Forum: Translations
Topic: I am king of kings
Replies: 98
Views: 51153

Re: I am king of kings

:es-pv: Basque

Erregeen erregea naiz.
/eregeen eregea nais̻/
errege=en errege=a n-a-iz-∅
king=GEN.PL king=ABS.SG 1SG.ABS-PRS-COP-PRS

I am king of kings.
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 07:10
Forum: Translations
Topic: Fun with questions
Replies: 47
Views: 19693

Re: Fun with questions

:es-pv: Basque Hil (al) zenuen? /il (al) s̻enuen/ hil-∅ (al) zen-∅-u-∅-en kill-PP (Q) 2.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-SG.ERG-PST Did you kill him? Ez (al) zenuen hil? /es̻ (al) s̻enuen il/ ez (al) zen-∅-u-∅-en hil-∅ NEG (Q) 2.ERG.3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-SG.ERG-PST kill-PP Didn't you kill him? Bai. / Ez. /bai/...
by GrandPiano
12 Aug 2020 06:07
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 767
Views: 194883

Re: False cognates

However, we also have to bear in mind that Vasconic had been living alongside Indo-European languages, including undescribed Indo-European languages that may well have been closely related to Italo-Celtic, for hundreds if not thousands of years before the era of Latin-to-Proto-Basque borrowings - a...
by GrandPiano
30 May 2020 03:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 767
Views: 194883

Re: False cognates

:es-pv: bi "two" :eng: bi- , :lat: bis "twice" :es-pv: sei "six" :ita: sei "six", :esp: :por: seis "six" :es-pv: urre "gold" :lat: aurum "gold" I'm not sure, given how little we know of proto-Vasconic, if we could make the argument that these are truly not cognates. Apparently bi was originally big...
by GrandPiano
26 May 2020 05:58
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 767
Views: 194883

Re: False cognates

:es-pv: da "is"
:jpn: だ da "is, are, am"

:es-pv: haize "wind"
:jpn: 風 kaze "wind"

:es-pv: bi "two"
:eng: bi-, :lat: bis "twice"

:es-pv: sei "six"
:ita: sei "six", :esp: :por: seis "six"

:es-pv: urre "gold"
:lat: aurum "gold"
by GrandPiano
22 May 2020 08:14
Forum: Games
Topic: Romanization game #2
Replies: 951
Views: 41382

Re: Romanization game #2

Nasal: /m n ŋ/ <m n ng> Fortis: /p' pʰ t' tʰ t͡s~s kʲ' kʲʰ k' kʰ q' ʔ/ <p' p t' t s c' c k' k q' q> Lenis: /ɓ v ɗ r z ɠʲ j ɠ w ʁ ɦ/ <b v d r z j y g w r h> /i̤: ḭ: ɨ̤: ɨ̰: z̩ ṳ: ṵ:/ <ii iix ïï ïïx z uu uux> /ɪ ɘ ʊ/ <i ï u> /e̤: ḛ: ə̤: ə̰: o̤: o̰:/ <ee eex ëë ëëx oo oox> /ɛ ɜ ɔ/ <e ë o> /a̤: a̰:/ <aa...
by GrandPiano
08 May 2020 02:20
Forum: Translations
Topic: The man sees the woman using the telescope.
Replies: 52
Views: 8401

Re: The man sees the woman using the telescope.

:es-pv: Basque Gizonak teleskopioaz emakumea ikusten du. /gis̻onak teles̺kopioas̻ emakumea ikus̺ten du/ gizon=ak teleskopio=az emakume=a ikus-ten d-Ø-u-Ø-Ø man=ERG.SG telescope=INSTR.SG woman=ABS.SG see-PRESP 3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-3SG.ERG-PRS The man sees the woman using the telescope. (The man has th...
by GrandPiano
08 May 2020 01:57
Forum: Translations
Topic: I have all the toilet paper and you can't have any.
Replies: 11
Views: 711

Re: I have all the toilet paper and you can't have any.

:es-pv: Basque Nik dut komuneko paper guztia eta zuk ez dezakezu ezer izan. /nik dut komuneko paper gus̻tia eta s̻uk es̻ des̻akes̻u es̻er is̻an/ ni-k d-Ø-u-t-Ø komun=eko paper guzti=a eta zu-k ez de-Ø-za-ke-zu-Ø ezer izan 1SG-ERG toilet=GEN.SG paper all=ABS.SG 3.ABS-SG.ABS-AUX.TR-1SG.ERG-PRS and 2SG...
by GrandPiano
15 Feb 2020 22:01
Forum: Translations
Topic: Why is it so cold today?
Replies: 10
Views: 742

Re: Why is it so cold today?

:es-pv: Basque Zergatik dago gaurko eguna hain hotza? /s̻ergatik dago gau̯rko eguna ain ot͡s̻a/ zer=gatik d-a-go-Ø gaur=ko egun=a hain hotz=a what=CAUS 3.ABS\PRS-PRS-be.SG-PRS today=GEN day=ART.ABS.SG so cold=ART.ABS.SG Why is it so cold today? (The verb egon , of which dago is a conjugated form, co...