Search found 276 matches

by WeepingElf
21 Jun 2022 22:25
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 860
Views: 266713

Re: False cognates

German Kapuze means 'hood' rather than 'coat', but the etymology you give is IMHO probably correct.
by WeepingElf
23 May 2022 13:03
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 860
Views: 266713

Re: False cognates

Lorik wrote: 23 May 2022 12:59 Not sure if this has already been posted, but:
:rus: сон [son] 'dream', 'sleep'
:bra: sono [ˈsonʊ] 'sleep' and sonho [ˈsoj̃ʊ] 'dream'
Are you sure that these aren't true cognates? They could be both from PIE *swopnos, but I don't know.
by WeepingElf
23 May 2022 12:23
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What did you accomplish today?
Replies: 455
Views: 96900

Re: What did you accomplish today?

Verdurian!
by WeepingElf
08 May 2022 13:30
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Conlanging Features you Avoid
Replies: 150
Views: 26769

Re: Conlanging Features you Avoid

It is not really such that I choose to avoid features in my conlangs, but with each of my conlangs, I make a conscious decision what to use in that conlang, and I generally do not use things I feel about that I do not understand them well enough.
by WeepingElf
25 Apr 2022 18:35
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: What languages influence your conlangs?
Replies: 129
Views: 21546

Re: What languages influence your conlangs?

Old Albic is meant as an Indo-European language related to Hittite, so Proto-Indo-European and Hittite are obvious sources of influence. As are Georgian (for the morphosyntactic alignment), the Insular Celtic languages (as Old Albic is meant to be the enigmatic substratum that some scholars hold res...
by WeepingElf
15 Jan 2022 13:25
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Suggestion: A language for linguists
Replies: 22
Views: 1610

Re: Suggestion: A language for linguists

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_primes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_semantic_metalanguage Semantic primes (also known as semantic primitives) are concepts that are universal, meaning that they can be translated literally into any known language and retain their semantic representati...
by WeepingElf
14 Jan 2022 14:04
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Trilingual altlang scenarios
Replies: 5
Views: 593

Re: Trilingual altlang scenarios

Indeed, Britainese advances Romance conlanging to a whole new level. What Raymond A. Brown (as I know him) does is much more realistic and sophisticated than the "bogolang" approach found in languages like Andrew Smith's Brithenig and other Ill Bethisad romlangs (and my own Germanech, whic...
by WeepingElf
05 Jan 2022 12:57
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Suggestion: A language for linguists
Replies: 22
Views: 1610

Re: Suggestion: A language for linguists

Such languages were already invented in the 17th century, such as Dalgarno's Ars signorum or John Wilkins's Real Character . Back then, they were called philosophical languages , with philosophical to be understood as 'scientific'. EDIT: Today, such languages are called oligosynthetic by conlangers,...
by WeepingElf
03 Jan 2022 15:07
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Adunî
Replies: 5
Views: 420

Re: Adunî

Well, many Tolkien fans are not even aware that Westron is a conlang and not just English, and few know that its native name is Adûni. And the names Adûni and Adûnaïc are cognate - Westron is a descendant of Adûnaïc, and the word for 'west' apparently is adûn in both languages. See here.
by WeepingElf
02 Jan 2022 21:21
Forum: Conlangs
Topic: Adunî
Replies: 5
Views: 420

Re: Adunî

The name of your language is awfully close to Adûni, the native name of Westron (the lingua franca of Middle-earth).
by WeepingElf
31 Dec 2021 14:36
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: The Western languages do not have uvular consonants. They are velar.
Replies: 2
Views: 717

Re: The Western languages do not have uvular consonants. They are velar.

WHAT? You are making a very bold claim I have never heard before. Truth is that AFAIK, no western European language makes a distinction between velar and uvular consonants (e.g., /k/ vs. /q/), so phonemically they are the same. They are in free variation - if you say [qar] while speaking a western l...
by WeepingElf
28 Nov 2021 20:38
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 835
Views: 230708

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:swe: böjningsmönster 'inflectional paradigm' :deu: Beugungsmuster 'diffraction pattern' The fun fact is that both are built from perfectly cognate words. A quick google search suggests to me that both words can be used in both senses in both languages? I can't speak for Swedish, but the German wor...
by WeepingElf
28 Nov 2021 16:17
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 835
Views: 230708

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

:swe: böjningsmönster 'inflectional paradigm'
:deu: Beugungsmuster 'diffraction pattern'

The fun fact is that both are built from perfectly cognate words.
by WeepingElf
19 Nov 2021 16:50
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 860
Views: 266713

Re: False cognates

Saw someone post this elsewhere: :rus: опасно opásno 'dangerous(ly)' :nld: oppassen 'to watch out, beware' Russian and Dutch being closely related confirmed. "Totally explains the flags." But seriously, I have once heard that Czar Peter the Great modelled the Russian flag on the Dutch one...
by WeepingElf
25 Oct 2021 18:55
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 688
Views: 118744

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

'Foster-brother' is Ziehbruder (as 'forster-son' is Ziehsohn etc.)
by WeepingElf
24 Oct 2021 21:19
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here
Replies: 688
Views: 118744

Re: (L&N) Q&A Thread - Quick questions go here

A Milchbruder 'milk brother' is someone raised by the same wet-nurse. It is as obsolete, though, as the institution of a wet-nurse (a woman who gives her milk to other children). Schwappschwager doesn't exist.
by WeepingElf
10 Oct 2021 13:16
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 835
Views: 230708

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

Why do people so often assume there were loans? Because the sound correspondences shown by the majority of these items look like the sound substitutions one would expect from loanwords. Look at the vowels, especially - most of the Uralic words in question faithfully reflect PIE ablaut grades and ev...
by WeepingElf
08 Oct 2021 15:18
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False cognates
Replies: 860
Views: 266713

Re: False cognates

Japanese gaijin 'foreigner', Hebrew goj 'non-Jew' and Romani gajo 'non-Roma' are probably all unrelated.
by WeepingElf
04 Oct 2021 16:57
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 835
Views: 230708

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

When I took Japanese lessons years ago, I was amused by the way Japanese kane 'bell' resembled German Kanne 'jug' - as if the Japanese used jugs for bells ;) You must have thought something similar about namae and Name . A classic example of a false cognate. Both the IE and the Japanese words for '...
by WeepingElf
03 Oct 2021 17:50
Forum: Linguistics & Natlangs
Topic: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences
Replies: 835
Views: 230708

Re: False friends and other unfortunate coincidences

When I took Japanese lessons years ago, I was amused by the way Japanese kane 'bell' resembled German Kanne
'jug' - as if the Japanese used jugs for bells ;)