Bullokar's and Franklin's orthographies adapted to ISO 8859-1

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Bullokar's and Franklin's orthographies adapted to ISO 8859-1

Post by dva_arla »

Benjamin Franklin's Reformed Mode of Spelling; outline in his Political, Miscellaneous, and Philosophical Pieces (1779, pages 467-8)
Collation order as employed in the pamphlet

Letters which cannot be substituted with any character found in ISO 8859-1 with ease and without being found confusing replaced with digraphs, which is to be treated as single letters in any case, especially collation.

o å a e i u y h*
g k sh ng n r t d l s z th dh f v b p m

Names of the letters:

Vowels: their sound, without any ammendation
g k t d b** p: Ci
sh ng: iC
n l s z th dh f v m: eC

*for some reason Franklin had had h grouped together with the vowels.
**Name written b in the pamphlet, but there is reason to think that this form is a misprint lacking an i

'True' consonantal digraphs (which, unlike some orthographical digraphs above, are to be treated as true ones [e.g. in collation]).

dsh tsh zsh

The vocalic digraphs, most of them representative of diphthongs, will be best dealt with in a table of lexical sets.

William Bullokar's 40 letters, outlined in The Amendment of Orthography, Chapter V

a b c ç ch d e é
f g g h i k l 'l
m 'm n 'n o oo p ph
q r 'r s sh t th dh
u ú v w wh r y z

Glyphs not included in the forty but nevertheless deserve to be accorded the status of one


Vowels of Well's lexical sets rendered in Franklin's orthography, along with suggestions to make the system more compatible with modern varieties of English, and diasystemic:
(A rendering of the same in Bullokar's orthography will come when I get to fully grasp how the system works.)

Code: Select all

KIT		kit		kit		kit	ɪ	ɪ
DRESS		dres		dres		dres	e	ɛ
TRAP		trap		trap		trap	æ	æ
LOT		låt		låt		låt	ɒ	ɑ
STRUT		stryt		stryt		stryt	ʌ	ʌ
FOOT		fut		fut		fut	ʊ	ʊ
BATH		bath		baath*		báth*	ɑː	æ
CLOTH		clåth		clåth		clåth	ɒ	ɔ
NURSE		nyrs		nyrs		nyrs	ɜː	ɜr
FLEECE		fliis		fliis		flís	iː	i
FACE		fees		feis		fés	eɪ	eɪ
PALM		pålm		påå(l)m		pǻ(l)m	ɑː	ɑ
THOUGHT		thå(å)t		thååt		thǻt	ɔː	ɔ
GOAT		got		got		got	əʊ	o
GOOSE		gus		guus		gús	uː	u
PRICE		pryis		pryis		pryis	aɪ	aɪ
CHOICE		tshois		tshois		tshois	ɔɪ	ɔɪ
MOUTH		måuth		måuth		måuth	aʊ	aʊ
NEAR		nir		nir		nir	ɪə	ɪr
SQUARE		skueer		skuer		skuer	ɛə	ɛr
START		start		start		start	ɑː	ɑr
NORTH		nårth		nårth		nårth	ɔː	ɔr
FORCE		fors		fors		fors	ɔː	or
CURE		kiur		kiur		kiur	ʊə	ʊr
happY		hapi		hapi		hapi	ɪ	ɪ
lettER		letyr		letyr		letyr	ə	ər
commA		koma		koma		koma	ə	ə
Description of columns presented in the table, from left to right:
A Keyword representative of lexical set
B Orthography more faithful to Franklin
C Suggestion for an orthography better adapted to modern varieties of English
D Variant in acute accent (a circumflex may instead be used)
E RP pronunciation
F General American pronunciation
Conlangs in progress:
Modern Khotanese
Modern Gandhari
?? - Japonic language in the Mekong Delta
Locna - Indo-European language in N. Syria
Wexford Norse
A British romlang, &c.
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