Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

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Shemtov
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Shemtov »

An eχolang:
/t̪ t̪ʰ t̪ˤ d̪ ⁿd ʈ ʈʰ ʈˤ ɖ ⁿɖ c cʰ ɟ ⁿɟ k kʰ q qʲ/
/s sˤ ħ ʕ h/
/m n̪ ɳ ɲ ŋ/
/w̃ `j/
/ᵑʘ ǀ ǀʰ ǀˀ ᶢǀ ᵑǀ ǃ ǃʰ ǃˀ ᶢǃ ᵑǃ ǂ ǂʰ ǂˀ ᶢǂ ᵑǂ/

/i u ɯ e o ɤ ɛ ɑ/
/i: uː ɯː eː oː ɤː ɛː ɑː/
/iːː eːː ɛːː/
/iu iɯ io iɤ iɑ/
/iuː iɯː ioː iɤː iɑː/
/ui ɯi oi ɤi ɑi/
/uːi ɯːi oːi ɤːi ɑːi/
/ɐu ɐɯ/
/iɐu iɐɯ/
/ɐui ɐɯi/
Many children make up, or begin to make up, imaginary languages. I have been at it since I could write.
-JRR Tolkien

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DesEsseintes
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by DesEsseintes »

It may not make much sense but this was inspired by Thai:

/m n ⁿd͡ʑ ⁿd͡ɮ ŋ ŋʷ/ m n nj ndl ng ngw
/tʰ t͡ɕʰ t͡ɬʰ kʰ kʷʰ/ t ch tl k kw
/t t͡ɕ t͡ɬ k kʷ/ d j dl g gw
/b d/ b dd
/s ɕ ɬ h/ s sh hl h
/r j l w/ r y l w

/a e i o u/ a e i o u

Vowels have length and pitch (like most of my langs)

I may choose to ditch the labialised velars and just permit all kinds of CG clusters.

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Omzinesý
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Omzinesý »

Something based on ideas from Moksha though first tine the ideas came from Japanese phonology.


Vowels
i u
e o
æ ɑ

Written in Cyrillic
и у
е о
я а

Consonants
p t tʲ~c t͡s t͡sʲ~t͡ɕ k
h* s sʲ~ɕ x
m n nʲ~ɲ
r rʲ l lʲ~ʎ
v ð ɣ j

* Pronounced [f]~[ɸ] before rounded vowels.

In cyrillic before front vowels
п - т - ц к
ф - с х
м - н
- р - л
в д г Ø

In cyrillic elsewhere
п т ть ц ць к
с сь х
м н нь
р рь л ль
в д г й

All consonants are palatalized after front vowels. Only dentals can be palatalized/palatal elsewhere.

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DesEsseintes
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by DesEsseintes »

DesEsseintes wrote:
26 Apr 2020 20:09
It may not make much sense but this was inspired by Thai:

/m n ⁿd͡ʑ ⁿd͡ɮ ŋ ŋʷ/ m n nj ndl ng ngw
/tʰ t͡ɕʰ t͡ɬʰ kʰ kʷʰ/ t ch tl k kw
/t t͡ɕ t͡ɬ k kʷ/ d j dl g gw
/b d/ b dd
/s ɕ ɬ h/ s sh hl h
/r j l w/ r y l w

/a e i o u/ a e i o u

Vowels have length and pitch (like most of my langs)

I may choose to ditch the labialised velars and just permit all kinds of CG clusters.
Update:

/m n ⁿd͡ʑ ⁿd͡ɮ ŋ/ m n nj ndl ng
/pʰ tʰ t͡ɕʰ t͡ɬʰ kʰ/ p t ch tl k
/p t t͡ɕ t͡ɬ k/ bp dt j dl gk
/b d g/ b d g
/s ɕ ɬ h/ s sh hl h
/r j l w/ r y l w

/a e i o u/ a e i o u

/g/ is for the most part realised [ɣ]. /t͡ɕʰ t͡ɬʰ kʰ/ tend to become the fricatives [ɕ ɬ x], which in the case of /kʰ/ is purely allophonic but for the other two sounds creates a merger with the corresponding fricative phonemes.

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Creyeditor
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Re: Random phonology/phonemic inventory thread

Post by Creyeditor »

I thought about a combination of Proto-Bantu-like consonants and tone with Proto-Turkic-like vowels.

Consonants
/m n/ <m n>
/mb nd ɲɟ ŋg/<mb nd nj ng>
/b d ɟ g/<b d j g>
/mp nt ɲc ŋk/<mp nt nc nk>
/p t c k/<p t c k>

Vowels
/i iː y yː ɨ ɨː u uː/<i ii ü üü ï ïï uu>
/e æː ø øː ə ɑː o ɔː/<ä ää ö öö a aa o oo>

Tones
/˩ ˥/

Syllable structure
CV+T
Consonant Vowel + Tone

Phonological processes
Lenition: Voiced simple stops /b d ɟ g/ become continuants [β l j ɣ] in intervocalic position.
Palatalization: Palatal plosives /ɲɟ ɟ ɲc c/ freely vary between palatal stops [ɲɟ ɟ ɲc c] and post-alveolar affricates [n̠dʒ dʒ n̠tʃ tʃ] in most positions.
Assibiliation: Intervocalically, palatal stops freely vary between palatals [c j] and postalveolar fricatives [ʃ ʒ].
Nasalization: Vowels become nasalized before prenasalized stops.
Backness Harmony: Words can only include either front vowels /i iː y yː e æː ø øː/ or back vowels /ɨ ɨː u uː ə ɑː o ɔː/.

Examples:
one - <mii> /mìì/ [mìì]
two - <beedí> /bæ̀ːdí/ [bæ̀ːlí]
three - <tǘtü> /týtỳ/ [týtỳ]
four - <nöö> /nø̀ː/ [nø̀ː]
five - <téénee> /tǽːnæ̀ː/ [tǽːnæ̀ː]
six - <cambïnï> /càmbɨ̀nɨ̀/ [tʃã̀mbɨ̀nɨ̀]
Creyeditor
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