Locations and directions

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AMG
rupestrian
rupestrian
Posts: 5
Joined: 09 Jul 2012 00:29

Locations and directions

Post by AMG »

I wonder how languages work with direction and location. In my conlang specific and non-specific directions and/or locations are marked by case.

:eng: Turn left at the intersection (Specific, there is a possibilty to go left there)
:eng: The church is at the intersection. (Specific location)
:eng: The church is to the north. (Not specific)
:eng: The church is to the left after the intersection. (The intersection is a specific location, left is not)

:con: bödariiemu
Ernia shodj gĥdede mopöras.
go.IMP towards left.ACC intersection.LOC.SG
[‘ɛrnjɐ ᶊɔʧ gx‘dɛdɛ sjɔʧ mɔ’pørɐs]

Sasjlu plagt shodj mopöras.
Church.NOM.SG locate.PRS.3SG intersection.LOC.SG
[saʃu plakt ᶊɔʧ mɔ’pørɐs]

Sasjlu plagt shodj riorndas.
Church.NOM.SG locate.PRS.3SG towards north.LOC
[’saʃu plakt ᶊɔʧ ’rɔrndɐs]

Sasjlu plagt shodj gĥdedas dlodaa mopöre.
Church.NOM.SG towards left.LOC beyond intersection.ACC.SG
[’saʃu plakt ᶊɔʧ gx‘dɛdɐs ‘djɔdɐ mɔ‘pørɛ]
Last edited by AMG on 26 Oct 2014 15:35, edited 5 times in total.
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Creyeditor
MVP
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Posts: 4603
Joined: 14 Aug 2012 19:32

Re: Locations and directions

Post by Creyeditor »

:deu: German
Gehe bei der Kreuzung links.
[geə baɪ̯ deɐ kʁɔʏ̯tsʊŋ lɪŋks]
geh-e bei der Kreuzung links
go-IMP.SG at DEF.DAT.SG.FEM intersection left
Turn left at the intersection

Die Kirche ist an der Kreuzung.
[di kɪʁçə ʔɪst ʔan deɐ kʁɔʏ̯tsʊŋ]
die Kirche ist an der Kreuzung
DEF.NOM.SG.FEM be.3.SG.PRS.IND DEF.DAT.SG.FEM intersection
The church is at the intersection.

Die Kirche ist nördlich von hier
[di kɪʁçə ʔɪst nøɐdlɪç fɔn hiɐ]
die Kirche ist nördlich von hier
DEF.NOM.SG.FEM be.3.SG.PRS.IND northwards from here
The church is to the north.

Die Kirche ist auf der linken Seite nach der Kreuzung.
[di kɪʁçə ʔɪst ʔaʊ̯f deɐ lɪŋkən zaitə nax deɐ kʁɔʏ̯tsʊŋ]
die Kirche ist auf der link-en Seite nach der Kreuzung
DEF.NOM.SG.FEM be.3SG.PRS.IND at DEF.DAT.SG.FEM left-DAT.SG.FEM side after DEF.DAT.SG.FEM intersection
The church is to the left after the intersection.
Creyeditor
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1 :deu: 2 :eng: 3 :idn: 4 :fra: 4 :esp:
:con: Ook & Omlűt & Nautli languages & Sperenjas
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Iyionaku
mayan
mayan
Posts: 1927
Joined: 25 May 2014 14:17

Re: Locations and directions

Post by Iyionaku »

:con: Yélian

Cu vágacer, natresas pès yaniys.
[kʉ ˈvaːgɐkəd̟, nɐtˈɾeːsɐʃ pɛs ˈʃaːna̯iːs]
at intersection, change_direction-JUS.2SG towards left
Turn left at the intersection

U'bradnúm but cu vágacer.
[ʉbɾɐdˈnuːm bʉt‿ʉ ˈvaːgɐkəd̟]
DEF.INAN=church COP.3SG.INAN at intersection
The church is at the intersection.

U'bradnúm but væ todoftod.
[ʉbɾɐdˈnuːm bʉt və ˈtoːˌdotɔ̈d]
DEF.INAN=church COP.3SG.INAN in direction-northern
The church is to the north.

U'bradnúm but yaniys o'vágacer.
[ʉbɾɐdˈnuːm bʉt ˈʃaːna̯iːs ɔ̈ˈʋaːgakəd̟]
DEF.INAN=church COP.3SG.INAN left DEF.GEN=intersection
The church is to the left after the intersection.
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